Staff Selection Commission (SSC) Examination (12th Pass or Graduate) for a Government Job in India
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) works as an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training. It was constituted by the Government of India as the "Subordinate Services Commission" in 1975 to recruit "Group C” (non-technical) staff in the various Ministries, government departments, and other Subordinate Offices. The Commission was renamed the Staff Selection Commission in 1977 and its scope was broadened to recruit "Group B" staff as well, in the pay scale of Rs 9300 to 34800 with a grade pay of Rs 4200.
Staff at SSC headquarters in New Delhi includes a Chairman, two Members, a Secretary, and a Deputy Secretary. In addition, the SSC includes nine Under Secretaries, one Director, two Joint Directors, four Deputy Directors, one Assistant Director, one Finance and Budget Officer, and 24 Section Officers, plus hundreds of supporting officers and staff.
SSC conducts examinations throughout the country through a large network of examination centers and sub-centers. It has seven Regional Offices (headed by Regional Directors) at Allahabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati, Chennai, and Bangalore, and two Sub-Regional Offices at Raipur and Chandigarh (each headed by a Deputy Director).
The SSC handles a great volume of work with limited manpower. In the year 2011-12, the SSC processed 85.0 lakh (8.5 million) applications and made approximately eighty-four thousand recruitments (hirings). The SSC deserves credit for achieving its targets and publishing examination results within the prescribed time. The website of the SSC attracted 1.7 crores (17 million) hits in 2011-12, 50000 hits per day, making it a popular government website.
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has further increased its target for advertising and filling one lakh of posts (a hundred thousand). It expects to receive 1.5 crores (15 million) applications. It also plans a recruitment drive in public sector government undertakings like FCI and Prasar Bharati. SSC advertises several thousands posts for constables in the Central Armed Police Forces, sub-inspectors in the Central Armed Police Forces, and various cadres in CPWD.
SSC conducts both open and departmental examinations for recruitment to various government agencies. No application or examination fee is taken from candidates who are women, scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, physically handicapped, or ex-servicemen. The age limit for examinations is generally 18-27 years as of a given date, except for a few examinations like Junior Hindi Translators (18-28 or 30 years).
Job opportunities for 10/12th pass students
We created the Facebook Group "Free Indian Career Counselor" where readers and administrators may post job and vocational training opportunities provided by corporate houses and industry w.e.f. 20th December 2015. Interested visitors may join the group to get information and help others to seek opportunities for those having similar qualifications. Based on the success of this group, new ways would be worked out to help students in providing guidance with 10 or 12th qualification. Already thousands of members are being guided by the experts in the group. Experts in different fields are requested to join the group and share their expertise and wisdom to needy people.
Though the age limit for most exams is 18-27 as of a given date, many categories of applicants are allowed to test at a higher age.
Relaxations for different categories are given below.
- SC/STs (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes): 5 years
- OBCs (Other Backward Classes): 3 years
- Physically handicapped candidates: 10 years
- Ex-servicemen and Central Government Civilian Employee (CGCE) candidates: see the published notice
- Widows, divorced women and judicially separated women: 35 years (UR, in general), 40 years (SC/ST), and 38 years (OBC).
The Combined Graduate Level examination is used to recruit the following staff:
- Assistants in various ministries, departments, and organizations
- Inspectors in the Central Excise Department
- Inspectors in the Income Tax Department
- Inspectors of Posts
- Sub-Inspectors in Delhi Police
- Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)
- Assistant Sub Inspectors in CISF,
- Sub Inspector in CBI
- Divisional Accountants
- Junior Accountants
- Upper Divisional Clerks (UDCs)
i. Combined Graduate Level Examination. Combined Examinations are conducted every year. The minimum qualification for applying to posts shown below is graduation from a recognized university. This is a Multi-Tier examination, including Tier I, Tier II, a computer proficiency test, and an interview.
Scheme of examination
Pattern of examination may change depending on the notification and type of posts to be filled. Latest pattern for Sub-Inspectors and Assistant Sub-Inspectors recruitment is given below.
The computer based examination will consist of two papers. Paper-I is comprising of 200 marks and 4 parts viz., a) General Intelligence and Reasoning, b) General Knowledge and General Awareness, c) Quantitative Aptitude, and d) English Comprehension. In parts a, b & c, questions are set in Hindi and English both. Each part has 50 objective multiple questions and correct answer to each question is rewarded by 1 mark. If answer to a question is wrong, candidate has to lose 0.25 marks from total marks secured. Paper-II is also comprising of 200 questions from English Language and comprehension and carries a weightage of 200 marks. Hence, each correct answer to a question is given one mark. Commission is authorized to fix qualifying marks in Paper-II and sectional cut offs for Paper-I. Candidates are allotted one hour to answer each paper.
General Intelligence & Reasoning:
Questions on verbal and non-verbal type questions on analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgment, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc.
Topics covered include Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/Number Analogy, Figural Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/Number Classification, Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & de-coding, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/pattern-folding & un-folding, Figural Pattern- folding and completion, Indexing Address matching, Date & city matching Classification of centre codes/roll numbers, Small & Capital letters/numbers coding, decoding and classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence.
Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity, Indian Constitution, scientific Research etc.
Appropriate use of numbers and sense of number, Computation of whole numbers,decimals, fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage, Ratio and Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit & Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Allegation, Time and distance, Time & work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle , Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.
Ability of the candidates to understand correct English, his basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. will be tested.
English Language & Comprehension
- Understanding and knowledge of English Language
- Error recognition, filling in the blanks (using verbs, preposition, articles etc),
- Vocabulary, Spellings, Grammar, Sentence Structure,
- Synonyms, Antonyms, Sentence Completion, Phrases and Idiomatic use of Words, comprehension etc.
ii. Tax Assistant
This examination is carried out to recruit Tax Assistants in CBDT and CBEC. This is also a multi-tier examination and includes a Tier I, Tier II, and a computer proficiency test. Candidates are recruited without undergoing interviews.
iii. Statistical Investigator (SSS) grade IV
This examination is conducted each year to recruit Statistical Investigators in the Dept. of Statistics & PI.
iv. Junior Engineer (Civil & Electrical)
This exam recruits Junior Engineers for the CPWD/Dept. of Posts, Military Engineering Service. It is a written exam followed by an interview. A diploma in Civil/Electrical or Mechanical Engineering is the minimum qualification.
v. Junior Hindi Translator (CSOLS)
The Junior Translators (CSOLS) Examination is conducted to recruit Junior Translators of CSOLS Cadre in DOL. It is a written test followed by an interview. A master's degree in any subject, with Hindi and English as compulsory/elective subjects at degree level, is the minimum qualification.
Latest examination pattern
The examination consists of two papers. Paper-I consists of 200 marks and 2 sections (100 marks each) viz., i) General Hindi, and ii) General English Comprehension. Paper-I will consist of Objective Type- Multiple choice questions only. Paper-II shall be descriptive and include only one section (200 marks) termed ‘Translation and Essay’ and will be evaluated in respect of only those candidates, who attain the minimum qualifying standard in Paper-I or part thereof as may be fixed at the discretion of the Commission. If answer to a question is wrong, candidate has to lose 0.25 marks from total marks secured in Paper-I.
a) General Hindi:
Standard of the examination will be based on the essential qualifications and It will be aimed at:
- Testing the candidates’ understanding of the languages and literature,
- Testing candidates' ability of correct use of words, and
- phrases and idioms, and
- ability to write the languages correctly, precisely and effectively.
Translation and Essay:
- It will contain two passages for translation-one passage for translation from Hindi to English and
- one passage for translation from English to Hindi, and
- an Essay each in Hindi and English,
- It will aim to test the candidates’ translation skills and their ability to write as well as comprehend the two languages correctly, precisely and effectively.
vi. Junior Hindi Translator (for Subordinate offices)
This is a written test followed by an interview. A master's degree in any subject, with Hindi and English as compulsory/elective subjects at degree level, is the minimum qualification.
vii. Section Officer (Audit/Accounts/Commercial Audit)
Examinations are carried out to recruit Section Officers for audit, accounts and commercial audit sections.
viii. Deputy Field Officer (Cabinet Secretariat) Examination
This Multi-Tasking Staff Examination is a single tier examination. Direct interviews and skill tests are held for isolated specialized posts (Selection Posts).
ix. Sub Inspectors in CPOs
This exam recruits Sub Inspectors for CPOs (Central Police Organizations). It includes a written test, physical efficiency test, and a medical exam followed by an interview. Graduation in any stream is a minimum qualification, and athletic certificates are given additional weight.
x. Combined Higher Secondary Level (Written/Descriptive test)
The Combined Matric Level examination is conducted to recruit Data Entry Operators, LDCs (Lower Division Clerks) and Stenos in groups C and D. Candidates are required to have passed matriculation or higher level of examination, and have a typing speed of 25 wpm in Hindi or 30 wpm in English (for an LDC post) and shorthand speed of 80 wpm in Hindi and 100 wpm in English (for Steno posts). To project a clear image of the examination, recent example of examination conducted is shown here. Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducted the Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Examination, 2014 for the recruitment of posts of Data Entry Operators and Lower Division Clerks and a total of 36,845 candidates appeared in the descriptive examination on 10.5.2015. Based on the cut off fixed (shown below in the table) in Paper I and qualifying marks in descriptive paper (Paper II), 6728 candidate qualified for skill test (applicable for Data Entry Operator) and 10634 candidates for Typing Test for Lower Division Clerks.
Skill Test for Data Entry Operator
Test is taken on the computer and candidates are required to qualify the 'Data Entry Speed' Skill Test at the prescribed speed (speed not less than 8000 key depressions per hour) on computer. Each candidate is given 15 minutes time for the test and provided printed matter in English containing about 2000-2200 strokes/key depressions to enter.
Typing Test for LDC
Candidates applying for the post of LDC have to qualify Typing test taken on computer in Hindi or English. Candidates taking test in English need to type 35 words per minute (w.p.m) and those in Hindi require to type 30 words per minute in 10 minutes time provided for the test.
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