S. Davies is a business communications coach who gives workshops on how to keep your professional reputation squeaky-clean and drama-free.
What's Better: Email or Face-to-Face Communication?
Managers often rely on email to quickly communicate important information to their staff. But if not used prudently, managers who rely too much on email when they should be having face-to-face conversations with their employees can do more harm than good. Follow these simple tips to avoid common email pitfalls that undermine your authority and alienate your staff.
7 Email Rules for Managers
In most offices, email is the dominant method for interoffice communications when face-to-face meetings are not possible. That said, there are some situations where the use of email communications between a manager and a subordinate is inappropriate.
Here are some common email rules to follow if you want to retain good relations with your employees.
1. Don't use email as a way to avoid someone.
Never use email for disciplinary actions, performance reviews, or other sensitive issues. Communicating bad news by email undermines your credibility as a leader. You want staff to know you can be relied upon to deal with difficult issues in person. Give your employees the respect they deserve, even when you're disciplining them, and have a face-to-face meeting.
As a manager, if you receive a confusing email message from your subordinate, instead of reacting by sending another email, pick up the phone or intercom and ask your subordinate to clarify their email in person. If email messaging is not meeting your communications objectives, as a manager it is your responsibility to stop the cycle of circular emails and start communicating clearly.
2. Don't underestimate the permanence of email.
Don’t forget that whatever you write in an email becomes a permanent record of your communication, complete with a date and time stamp. Anything you write in an email can be used in court for wrongful dismissal suits. Emails are much easier to dig up, print off and/or forward outside the office than traditional paper memos are.
For email, the old postcard rule applies. Nobody else is supposed to read your postcards, but you'd be a fool if you wrote anything private on one.
— Judith Martin (Miss Manners)
3. Don't use passive-aggressive language in an email.
If you feel yourself reacting strongly to an email, a phone call, or a discussion at a recent meeting, sit with your feelings for a few minutes. Then decide if writing and sending an email is the most appropriate response. (When emotions are charged, it usually isn't.)
When you must respond to a difficult situation by email, watch the tone you use. Treat your email communications as you would a memo. Avoid flaming, passive-aggressive language and sarcasm at all costs, unless you want to severely demoralize your staff and create insurmountable communication barriers further down the road.
In order to avoid using passive-aggressive language in your email and improve receptivity after your message has been sent, state your feelings clearly, in the most positive manner possible, right at the beginning message. Effective managers know that positive reinforcement is just as important as constructive criticism. But if that positive reinforcement is too vague, or buried at the bottom of the email message, your employee might not 'hear' it.
4. Don't include (CC) too many people.
Don't bring other people into an email conversation without asking permission from the original participants first. If you're having a back-and-forth email conversation with another staff member but somewhere in the ongoing thread, you think another person might need to be involved, before just CC'ing them, let the person you've been communicating with know before you send the message. Make sure that you explain why you want to invite that person brought into the discussion and be clear about what you intend to say. For example, you could write something such as: "I really think that Jane might be able to help us find some solutions to problem X. She's been working in the XYZ department for 10 years now and I'd like to get her insights. Can I forward her a copy of this email thread and ask her ABC?"
5. Use BCC carefully.
The BCC (blind carbon copy) function should be used to keep other people's email addresses in a group email confidential. It shouldn't be used to secretly send a private email conversation to someone else without the other party's knowledge. Unless you have a justifiable reason (i.e. someone's safety is at risk if you don't send a BCC message) for not being transparent about where you are sending a message, using the BCC function is somewhat like whispering behind someone's back at work. It's impolite and unprofessional. And in some cases, forwarding or copying a message to unintended recipients could get you into a legal mess.
6. Don't forget to be fair.
Effective managers always seek to be fair: If you're a manager who cares about dealing with your employees in a fair, empathetic, and yet firm manner, you'll see that email messaging is not always the best way to reach your employees.
Lee Iacocca has this advice on giving feedback to others:
"When I must criticize somebody, I do it orally; when I praise somebody, I put it in writing."
This is apt and timely advice when applied to communicating with employees by email.
7. Watch your language.
If you want to be an effective leader and communicator, pay close attention to the language you use when emailing your staff. There are some phrases that can undermine your message and waste your reader's time. The phrases were featured in a handy infographic posted on Inc.com: 21 Sentences You Should Never Include in an Email.
- "Can I ask a question?" Just go ahead and ask the question. Don't preface it by asking permission to make your inquiry. If you are using the phrase "Can I ask you a question?" as a way to bring up a delicate topic, then that's a sign that your question is much too personal for an email. If you must ask a personal question, do it face-to-face; not via email when your recipient might have legitimate concerns about what might happen to their response if it gets shared by email.
- "This might not apply to you?" Then why are you sending it to me, the reader may wonder.
- "Does that make sense?" If you aren't sure that what you have written in an email to staff is going to be understood, that's a sign that you need to rewrite your email until you are certain that what you are saying is clear and direct.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
© 2012 S Davies
somethgblue from Shelbyville, Tennessee on July 27, 2015:
Oh the timing of the email ensured that I would read it the next morning and get to stew and think about it until my boss got there two hours later.
I would never willing leave my job and them begin to look for another, if I go it will be on my terms while I'm still employed. However here is something to think about . . . if you get fired from a job, they give you a box and the door, they don't give you two weeks notice, so why the heck should I.
I will be there one day and not the next, no phone call, no email, seeya wouldn't want to be ya. Most people would consider that burning your bridges but let's get real. If you're leaving a job does it merit a good recommendation from you, so why would you expect one from them?
S Davies (author) on July 27, 2015:
Thank you for sharing, somethgblue. I'm sorry you had such a frustrating experience. You brought up a good point I hadn't even considered and that is the time of day that an email is composed and sent. Sending an email after hours when an employee doesn't have a chance to reply face-to-face is unfair and undermines an employee's ability to problem-solve urgent issues.
Best of luck with whatever next steps you choose on your career path, whether you stay where you are or decide to leave and find another job.
somethgblue from Shelbyville, Tennessee on July 26, 2015:
Yes, this Hub is very appropriate, I just was on the receiving end of a email from my boss that I printed out an saved because it has motivated me to begin looking for another job. The email was totally disrespectful, without any positive reinforcement, could have and should have been a face to face meeting.
I was deeply offended and it seemed more of an attack of character than any helpful solutions to a complex problem, none of which I have any control over.
I find that many times my boss hides behind emails rather than have meaningful discussions to solve problems, especially considering they think that we do the same job but I produce five times the amount of work.
Difficult situation that I'm not sure switching jobs would solve but it sure makes me feel like trying.
While the email wasn't sent from their home it was composed and sent late in the day, when I was no longer there at work to be able to have a face to face meeting, it was very sneaky and suspicious way of dealing with a problem that should have taken place in a five minute discussion.
Rev Bruce S Noll HMN from Asheville NC on March 19, 2012:
I really like this hub! Since email is an electronic medium it can provide warmth or shock the you know what out of you. I prefer the warmth avenue. Not everyone does!
Thank you so much for the clarification. Let he who has ears...
Enjoyed the line about effective managers being using fairness.