James Kudooski (real name: Qudus Oko-Osi) is a public speaker, a writer, a poet, and an artist.
What Makes a Good Public Speaker?
Have you ever wondered why some public speakers seem to get it right while others just seem to screw it up? Why do some find it so easy to captivate their audience and finish with resounding applause while others just make their audience feel that their time would have been better spent staying home?
The difference often lies in simple ethics. Ethics in public speaking can either make or break your aspiration of becoming an effective speaker. Ethics must be observed!
7 Guidelines for Public Speaking
Ethics in public speaking are guidelines, unwritten rules, or a code of conduct every ambitious public speaker should master and observe. Here are seven of these rules.
- Show Respect for Your Audience
- Respect Your Audience's Time
- Prepare Your Speech
- Be Honest and Don't Mislead Your Audience
- Avoid Plagiarism
- Ensure Your Objective Is Ethical
- Be Yourself
1. Show Respect for Your Audience
This is number one on my list because your audience ultimately determines how successful your speech is. One of the most important things you need to learn as a public speaker is showing respect for your audience. If you miss this point, you kill your presentation before you even begin!
Everyone loves to be respected, and your audience loves it too. It does not show respect to talk down to them or any particular person in the audience irrespective of their gender, religion, ethnicity, race, educational, or social status. If getting your points across requires using practical examples, avoid using examples that will belittle or offend them.
Never—and I repeat ever—make a joke at the expense of your audience! Rather, make fun of yourself (if necessary).
2. Respect Your Audience’s Time
In our fast-paced world, time is of the essence. It is a valuable asset. Your audience values their time too so don’t waste it.
Show respect for their time by keeping to the allotted time for your speech. A good way to do this effectively is good preparation. If you prepare well in advance, it will keep you from running overtime.
Spending a few minutes more than necessary may make your audience uneasy and lose interest in your speech. That may defeat the very purpose of the speech. It may make all the hard work you've put into the delivery from the beginning a waste. So be careful!
3. Prepare Your Speech
Good preparation is an ethic in public speaking you dare not overlook. This is an ethical issue not just because the level of preparation determines the level of your success but also because it shows the value you place on your audience.
Remember that in listening to you, your audience has invested time, effort, and, in some cases, money they could have used for something else. They expect something in return! It wouldn’t be fair and ethical for you to repay such investments with a wishy-washy presentation!
Prepare well in advance. Research the subject and gather all necessary facts and references. Then rehearse your speech. Practice until you gain mastery of your speech.
Such preparation will help your speech flow and achieve its intended purpose. And more importantly, it will leave your audience satisfied. Your audience will be able to tell if you do not prepare well. And this can be harmful. Apart from failing to achieve your objective, the audience may get angry.
Start early and don’t procrastinate. This can save you from a very big mess.
4. Be Honest and Don’t Mislead Your Audience
How would you feel if you listened to a speech, and enjoyed it, but later discovered that the facts presented in the speech were distorted to suit the speaker’s selfish motives? I bet you'd feel disappointed.
Ethics in public speaking demand that you are honest and accurate in the information you are presenting to your audience. Do not intentionally mislead them. Do not distort the facts to suit your aim. If you are not sure about a piece of information, fact, or statistics, don’t use it! Nothing can hurt a speaker’s credibility more than inaccurate, distorted information.
5. Avoid Plagiarism
Avoid using another person’s work without permission. Give credit whenever you reference someone else's work. This builds up your credibility too.
6. Ensure Your Objective Is Ethical
If the objective of your speech is to motivate people to get involved in harmful, illegal, or unethical activities, then you are not observing the ethics in public speaking. It is as simple as that!
For example, how do you perceive a very good public speaker who promotes terrorism or the use of hard drugs? Ethical? I doubt it.
As a further example, Adolf Hitler is considered a great public speaker. But his speech started one of the greatest atrocities known in human history.
7. Be Yourself
Everybody is unique. Even identical twins are different in some ways. While it is a good idea to learn from others, especially those we consider role models, don’t try to be someone you are not!
Be natural in your delivery. When you try to be someone you are not, your audience will notice and you will only look and sound fake to them. This will harm your credibility and water down the effectiveness of your delivery.
Simply be yourself!
Successful Public Speaking Careers Are Built on Ethics
Suppose you attended a seminar and the speaker poked jokes at you, showed no respect for your time, muddled up their points due to lack of preparation, distorted the facts, and tried to be someone they're not. Would you attend another seminar (even if it is free) next time if you knew the presenter would be the same speaker? I bet you would rather stay home.
Ignore the ethics in public speaking, and you kill your public speaking dreams or career! Learn them, master them, put them to use, and you are on your way to becoming an effective public speaker. I can assure you of this.
Bill Flynn on August 17, 2020:
Good Article.. Similar to The Art of Public Speaking Chapter 2. Highly recommended is you haven't seen it before
James Kudooski (author) from Lagos, Nigeria on December 12, 2019:
Glad you enjoyed the article. For the importance of public speaking, check out this article:
Denis Mafwele on December 11, 2019:
Thank you for your publication . What are the importance of ethics to public speakers
MANAHIL AWAN on January 15, 2019:
BE YOURSELF ;
because it will allow you to :-
1) Think creatively
2) Boost your mind
3) Increase confidence level
4) Explore new things around you
5) Deliver research based work to audience
6) Develop interest in listeners
7) Develop motivation in audience
James Kudooski (author) from Lagos, Nigeria on August 11, 2018:
Hello ..., thanks for dropping your comment. Actually, there is no denying the fact that Hilter was a very good and effective public speaker. The truth, however, is that his wonderful public speaking ability started a global war that claimed millions of lives.
... on August 10, 2018:
I see Hitler used all the time as an example of unethical speaking, yet he and Goebbels both followed these 7 rules - you just come from a viewpoint where you don't agree with them, so it looks like they're unethical speakers to you.
Masikitiko william on May 21, 2018:
Exactly good and convincing
MASUMBUKO BASU on May 14, 2017:
Thanx for your article. ,,,,what are the importance of ethics guidelines in public speaking?
._. on March 14, 2017:
thank you for your article.
James Kudooski (author) from Lagos, Nigeria on October 25, 2016:
Hello Hannah & April, I'm glad you enjoyed and found the article helpful.
April on October 23, 2016:
Thanks you for your article, I never know there was such a thing of Ethics in Public Speaking. I used it on a paper regarding ethics in a APA format. Thanks for your knowledge in this subject
Hannah on August 29, 2016:
Thank you so much for this upload on Ethics in Public Speaking, it helps in my presentation so much! I even put credits to this link :D