How to Apply to Be a Public School Teacher in the Philippines
The Benefits of Working in Public Schools
There is no denying that teaching in a public school provides job security. You become an employee of the government, so you are entitled to tenure. Barring any legal actions or unfortunate circumstances that may cause you to be removed or retired from teaching, you are likely to be a public school teacher until the time of your retirement. When it comes to salary, the public school system often offers more benefit packages than the private school system. This is why more graduates are competing for public school jobs.
If you are looking to take your career in a new direction, teaching in the Philippines may be just what you need. Working as a public school teacher offers you the opportunity to meet new people and gain valuable resume-building skills while feeling secure in your position.
How to Get a Teaching Job in the Philippines
The following steps are culled from the collective experiences of my sister, best friend, and I when we applied for public school positions in the Philippines. I also researched the hiring guidelines of the Department of Education.
7 Steps to Becoming a Public School Teacher
So, here are the steps to apply as a public school teacher in the Philippines:
- Gather Your Application Materials
- Submit Your Application
- Prepare for Your Interview
- Demo a Lesson Plan
- Take the English Proficiency Exam
- Wait for Your Results
- Follow Up
By following these easy steps, you'll be even closer to starting your new life. Aside from outlining the application process, I will also break down the teacher ranking system so you can better understand why you received the ranking you did.
Deadline to Be Aware Of
Please note that recruitment for teaching positions takes place from January to April of every year. This includes everything from receiving applications, evaluating, ranking, and ultimately hiring the successful applicants.
1. Gather Your Application Materials
Before you get ahead of yourself preparing for interviews and English exams, you'll need to submit an application first! Here are the required materials:
- Application Form
- Civil Service Commission Form 212: You'll need two copies of this and your latest 2x2 ID pictures. When you fill out the CSC Form 212, don’t leave any blank space. Write N/A if you have nothing to write for a certain question or if the data which you are going to enter are not applicable. For instance, there is a particular space for writing "Jr.”. If you aren't a "Junior," then write N/A.
- LET Results: You will receive your results after taking the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). Submit a certified photocopy. A certified photocopy includes the certifying officers' signature.
- School Transcripts: Include a photocopy of your transcript or records from the college/university where you graduated; this should also be a certified photocopy.
- Teaching Experience Records: If you have teaching experience, you should include your records, performance rating, and clearance from the school where you previously taught.
- Other Records: Include any certificates that demonstrate specialized training.
- Make sure that there are no erasures or errors in the documents that you submit.
- Make your photocopies as clear as possible.
- All the entries will be verified later when you are being interviewed, so strive to make them as accurate and truthful as possible. It is your responsibility as an applicant not to misrepresent yourself in your application papers.
- In my experience, I used only an ordinary long folder to place all the pertinent papers in it. I labeled it properly and made it as simple, clear, and clean as I could. Make it professional-looking and easy to read. Don’t overstuff it with unnecessary papers.
- Submit only what is required.
2. Submit Your Application
You can apply to the district office or the division office, but the standard procedure is to apply directly to the head of the public school where you would like to teach. This was what I did when I applied.
If you are applying to a public elementary or high school, it is required that you apply to the school nearest to your place of residence. Public schools in the Philippines follow the provisions of R.A No. 8190, also known as the Localization Law. This law requires that you are assigned to the closest school.
3. Prepare for Your Interview
If the school is interested in setting up an interview, they will contact you to schedule a day and time. Do some research and prepare your answers for some of the most common questions. It is also important to come up with a few to ask the recruiter. This shows your interest and enthusiasm. On the day of your interview, dress appropriately and demonstrate your professionalism.
If you are asked a question in English during your interview, answer in the same language. Of course, you should have a good command of grammar.
4. Demo a Lesson Plan
A well-prepared and well-executed lesson plan demonstration can earn you extra points. Prepare clean and engaging visual aids. Construct your demonstration around the subject that you are most familiar with.
If you get the position, you will be teaching a big class, so the evaluators are looking for someone who can create a lesson plan that keeps all of the students engaged. Usually, the evaluators or selection committee is composed of principals, school heads, and master teachers. When we presented our demonstrations, I noticed that the evaluators tend to chat with each other if they find it boring. So, just by observing them, you will know if you are doing well.
5. Take the English Proficiency Exam
This test is required for all applicants. You and the other applicants in your division will be scheduled to take this test simultaneously. Prepare by reviewing your English spelling, grammar, and reading comprehension.
6. Wait for Your Results
The results will be posted in a bulletin board of the division office. You get a chance of being hired immediately if you sit in the top 10 or so. They hire according to the ranking provided in the list, so it is very important to rank well.
7. Follow Up
If you get a high ranking, you will most likely receive a phone call asking you to report in the district or division office. If you haven’t gotten a call, you can follow up about your application by calling them.
Note: Don't forget to get the phone number of the school, district, and division office where you are applying.
What Is it Like to Be a Public School Teacher?
Now, you may wonder how teacher-applicants are ranked. Here is the criteria the selection committee uses to evaluate you:
The committee will evaluate your academic achievement in college. This is done by computing the general average of your schooling with their corresponding units. You get 25 points, which is the highest score, if your general weighted average is 99-100%, or a 1.00. If it is 97.75–98.75, or 1.10. you get 24 points, etc.
For those who graduated with a non-education degree but wish to apply as a public school teacher, your ranking in this category will be decided by your college GWA. This will be combined with the GWA of your 18 education units. This means to say that you can apply only if you have taken 18 units in education. A corresponding transmutation table will be provided for those who have a grading system other than the ones mentioned earlier.
Demonstration Teaching: 20%
As I mentioned earlier, prepare a well-written lesson plan. Show that you can manage a classroom. Deliver the lesson in such a way that every student will be engrossed and retain the information. The evaluators will likely give you a higher score if your "students" get a 100% mastery level during your demonstration teaching.
Communication Skills: 15%
You are given points here based on the result of your English proficiency test.
Teaching Experience: 10%
You will be given one point for every year that you taught, from preschool to secondary school. However, if you have already taught for 15 years, it will still be counted as 10 points.
Your personality and potential are measured here. Be alert, self-confident, and poised throughout the interview. Take note of your appearance and voice projection. The committee will take notes on how you present ideas and make decisions. To show that you are not easily stressed, try not to be rattled when you are asked a barrage of questions.
Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) Rating: 10%
If your LET rating is 87% or higher, you get the maximum 10 points. If it is in the range of 85%–86%, you get 9 points, and so on.
Experiential Learning Course: 5%
This includes field study or practice teaching. You can receive up to 5 points.
Specialized Training and Skills: 5%
This should be supported with documents. If you have specialized training in sports, music, journalism, theater arts, and communication technology, then you will get the points, provided that the training lasted for more than one week. You will also be asked to demonstrate that particular skill.
If you have been wanting to apply for a public school teaching position in the Philippines, there is no better time but the present to start the application process. I hope this article was useful in cementing your decision, and that it will guide you through the necessary steps towards your new career.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.