12 Good Reasons Teachers Are Quitting Their Jobs in the U.S.
Poor Working Conditions
Typically, low salaries are blamed for teachers leaving the profession in the U.S. But as somebody who has been teaching in public education for over ten years, I can tell you that when it comes to reasons teachers quit, low salaries are low on the totem pole.
The main reason teachers quit their jobs is because of the poor working conditions they face every day. Collectively, these poor working conditions make the teaching profession unbearable for even the best teachers.
Why Are Teachers Quitting?
1. They don’t have time to use the bathroom.
Teachers often have to wait two, three, or more hours to use the bathroom. They obviously can't step out of their classroom when students are there, so they have to wait until their planning period or lunch break to relieve themselves. Urinary tract infections are common among educators.
Moreover, there are usually less than a handful of faculty restrooms within a school building, so finding an available restroom once they can leave the classroom is the next hurdle. With 50-100 (or more) staff members in each school building and dozens of teachers running to the toilet within the same time period, many teachers end up using student restrooms out of necessity.
When educators use student restrooms at the middle and high school levels, they often discover inappropriate student activity going on, which they of course must address, which prevents them from using the john.
I assure you that NO staff member wants to use student restrooms! But we often have no choice. It’s degrading that we can’t pee in peace.
According to the Wall Street Journal, U.S. public education employees have the fastest resignation rate in 2018 since the Department of Labor began its measurements in 2001.
2. Teachers are tired of bad student behavior.
They're tired of being disrespected by students and of the same students continually disrupting class. The worst part is when teachers call home and parents tell them they deal with the same behavior issues at home and don't know what to do about it.
In addition, teachers feel pressured to not send students to the office. Administrators want teachers to handle student behavior problems in the classroom.
Principals are obligated to report their yearly number of office referrals to their district supervisors, and this information impacts their school ratings and image. This understandably puts a lot of pressure on administrators, but high teacher turnover can't do much good for the school's image, either.
The truth is, many teachers just keep allowing their students to act out in the classroom, disrupt learning, and be disrespectful, because they have run out of options. Teachers who DO write office referrals when they’ve exhausted all their options are often looked down upon or blackballed by the same administrators who should be supporting them.
3. They don't have enough planning time.
Teacher planning time is often consumed by meetings. Teachers are often asked to attend IEP, eligibility, or other special education meetings during their planning time, or they are meeting with parents, or on the phone with parents during their designated planning times.
This is supposed to be PLANNING time, which means time to plan our lessons for class instruction!
We usually end up doing our lesson planning on our own time—after school and/or on weekends.
Sure, teachers get summers off and breaks during the school year, but if you add up all the hours teachers work outside of their contract hours through the course of each school year, it more than balances out.
Have you considered resigning from your teaching job?
4. Teachers get bullied by their students.
We all know about students bullying students, and even teachers bullying students, but how about students bullying teachers? Teachers are ridiculed, insulted, and harassed by their own students daily.
Many teachers don’t report it because they’re concerned it could make things worse for them. They’re afraid nobody will believe them or that people will think they somehow encouraged or deserved it.
Many teachers also feel incredibly embarrassed about it. So they just suck it up, keep teaching and pretend it’s not even happening.
5. They are constantly asked to donate money.
Teachers are routinely asked to donate money to help their underprivileged students, such as pay for their utility bills, contribute to the student holiday shopping fund, bring in food for families in need, and the list goes on.
In addition, they're asked to contribute to the school’s hospitality fund for staff parties and other events, and help with meals for staff members who are unable to work due to poor health or a family emergency.
There are envelopes constantly going around asking for contributions for this or that.
Some of us are living paycheck to paycheck ourselves and even have second jobs to help make ends meet. We want to help our students and colleagues but we wish our schools would stop asking us for money we don’t have.
6. Instruction is in constant competition with school programs.
There are a ton of school activities competing with instruction every single day. Announcements throughout the school day bombard teachers and students with information about clubs, sports, programs and events such as spirit week, which may, for example, include wearing a different outfit or specific color clothing each day of the week.
Often these announcements are made in the middle of class which disrupts the flow of our lessons and even leads to behavior problems.
Although many of these activities are positive and promote good causes, teachers' heads are constantly spinning with the amount of information they have to stay on top of (if students or parents ask us, we need to know) which takes their focus off instruction. We feel we are working in a five ring circus.
We want to just focus on teaching, but we don’t dare complain because it goes back to the pressure schools are under to get high ratings and maintain a good image, and the number of programs schools offer to students is a big part of that image. Many parents want to send their kids to schools where there are a TON of activities, so administrators do their best to comply.
It’s sink or swim for most teachers. Many teachers are on medication for stress and anxiety. Others are retiring early or changing careers.
7. They are asked to take on too many roles.
Teachers feel pressured by administrators to be a teacher, parent, social worker, and psychologist to each of their students. Although most teachers really do love their students, they simply are not equipped or physically able to take on all these roles.
Teachers go to work to teach and many do it with full devotion. They go in early and stay late. They plan and grade papers for hours after school and during their weekends.
While we care about our students, we cannot wear all these hats. Please stop asking us to because you are literally burning us out.
8. Keeping students engaged keeps getting harder.
Teachers are constantly having to work harder to maintain their students’ attention in the classroom. Students' attention spans keep getting shorter. Educators are competing against video games and all kinds of highly stimulating technology kids are engaged in for long periods of time outside of school.
We keep having to make lessons more fun, more lively, more EXCITING, and our lessons seem to keep getting shorter because most kids simply can’t stay engaged for more than 5 minutes at a time.
We also have to constantly learn the latest fun online educational games, which seem to change all too frequently. Just as we thought we mastered the current one, there's a "newer and better" one (or two, or three) we're expected to pick up. The ongoing challenge is keeping students' minds engaged in class lessons.
9. They have to share their classrooms and desks with other teachers.
Due to the shortage of space in many schools, an increasing number of teachers have to share their classrooms, and even their desks, with other teachers.
How does this work? Floating teachers use their colleagues’ classrooms to teach during planning times when their colleagues aren’t teaching. This means some teachers have to go somewhere else during their planning time.
It’s inconvenient and stressful on both ends: for the host teacher, because she is displaced from her classroom during her plan time, and for the floating teacher using her room, because she doesn’t even have her own classroom (she floats from room to room all day).
It’s not uncommon for host teachers to return to their classroom to find student desks have been rearranged or the room has been left in shambles. Sure, there’s normally a verbal agreement between the host teacher and the floater as to how the room will be left, but it’s not always honored.
Room and desk sharing often causes resentfulness between host teachers and floaters. Host teachers resent having to be kicked out of their classroom during their planning periods and they resent finding their rooms a mess when they return. Floaters resent the fact that they don’t even have their own classroom and that they have to adjust to different classrooms throughout the day. It’s a lot of stress on both ends.
Why Teachers Quit: This Educator Says It All
10. Teachers bully teachers.
So we talked about students bullying teachers. There is also a big, unspoken problem with teachers bullying teachers, and it’s getting worse.
Classroom sharing—as shared earlier—is a breeding ground for teachers bullying one another.
Some floaters deliberately leave the classrooms they use untidy if they resent that the host teacher has complained about things not being in order after the floater has used her room.
Host teachers may retaliate by disabling technology or hiding important equipment or materials the floater needs when she uses her room.
I have seen ALL of these things happen.
And we wonder why so many students bully students. In many cases, they are picking up these bully attitudes from their own teachers!
11. They're not allowed to give failing grades.
Teachers are told to not penalize students when they don’t turn their work in.
That’s right. In many school districts, teachers are prohibited from giving students failing grades for missing assignments.
The theory behind this is that since we haven’t seen the student’s work, we cannot evaluate it. An F can only be assigned if the quality of work meets the criteria for an F, not for work that hasn’t been submitted.
Most teachers I know are very uncomfortable with this approach, as it doesn’t teach students to be responsible. We know that once our students move on beyond school and get jobs, failing to perform an assignment for their boss could cost them their job, or—at the very least—a poor job evaluation. We know that it’s important to teach students that there are consequences for their actions.
But if our administrators tell us to not penalize our students for work they don’t turn in, we are obligated to do that or we put our own jobs on the line.
12. Teachers are told to just go with the flow.
Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of being a teacher today is the “Just Do It” mentality that permeates public education. Teachers feel pressured to shut up, keep smiling and keep going.
Mottos such as “keep calm and keep swimming” are constantly tossed around in public education and are insulting to teachers. These flippant slogans condition teachers to accept their circumstances as if they are doing something heroic rather than running against common sense and against what is good for students.
But we have bills to pay and families to support. Many of us have kids in college and need to save toward our retirement.
We are caught in a self-defeating system.
It’s no wonder many educators are retiring early or switching careers. Unfortunately, for many other teachers, it’s too late to switch careers or they don’t have immediate options available to them.
It’s easier for Americans to talk about poor teacher salaries than to focus on a very broken public education system. But unless teachers' working conditions improve, we will continue to see droves of teachers leaving the profession. This impacts teachers, students, and taxpayers, as recruiting and training new teachers costs school districts millions of dollars every year.
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© 2019 Madeleine Clays