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Criminology Will Be a Top Career Through the 2020s

Bones often offer excellent evidence.

Bones often offer excellent evidence.

What Is Criminology?

Criminology (which is in the field of sociology, the science or study of society) is the scientific study of crime, criminals, criminal behavior, and corrections. It also examines the prevention of crime and society's response to crime. Criminology includes the examination of evidence, hereditary and psychological causes of crime, various modes of investigation, conviction, and the efficacy of differing styles of punishment, rehabilitation, and corrections.

Radio and television have popularized the study of crime through shows such as The Shadow, Sherlock Holmes, The Naked City, The Defenders, Perry Mason, Mr. Lucky, The Wild Wild West, Matlock, Murder She Wrote, Diagnosis Murder, The District, CSI, CSI: Miami, Numbers, and hundreds of others. Literature is filled with crime stories and magazines like True Crime. Crime is popular, and crime-stoppers, from superheroes to policemen and amateur detectives, are revered.

Of course, there are many real-life careers available in criminology as well—ones that are extremely challenging and rewarding.

What Is a Criminologist?

A criminologist is a sociologist or social scientist who 1) specializes in criminology and 2) studies social behaviors. Each society has its own set of norms and deviations, and these people examine the norms (most common behaviors) and the deviations from those norms of behavior.

A criminologist usually studies crime and law in college and earns at least one academic degree: an associate's, bachelor's, master's, and/or doctorate (Ph.D.) degree.

A criminologist provides theoretical explanations for the aberrant, delinquent, and criminal behaviors manifested in a population. They analyze criminal law, criminal behavior, and the methods used by criminals to practice deviant behavior and break the law. Criminologists work with a variety of levels and types of law enforcement agencies to develop behavior profiles for particular types of crimes. In addition, they gather statistics on crime rates. They investigate crimes and analyze the larger criminal justice system and its processes.

A criminologist is a sociologist or social scientist who 1) specializes in criminology and 2) studies social behaviors.

Fluctuations led to an increase in criminology jobs in 2015 and into 2016, a recovery from a previous decline.

Fluctuations led to an increase in criminology jobs in 2015 and into 2016, a recovery from a previous decline.

Criminal justice occupations increased very rapidly in 2015 and 2016.

Criminal justice occupations increased very rapidly in 2015 and 2016.

Qualifications of a Criminologist

A criminologist is a sociologist and must therefore be interested in human beings and their well-being. Human beings must not be, or become, merely objects to a criminologist. This is because the purpose of the field, as it is with all of sociology, is to make the quality of life better for all.

A criminologist must be able to express ideas and concepts clearly, both in writing and in person. They must be computer-literate and proficient on the internet, especially in applications related to criminology. A criminologist may need to address large groups of people and demonstrate good public speaking skills. They need to be focused, creative, analytical, logical, adept at problem-solving, and dedicated to the profession of criminology and its goals of improving the criminal rehabilitation system and preventing crime. A criminologist must be interested in society as a whole and especially in victims of crime and in disadvantaged individuals and groups that may contain a larger proportion of victims or crime-related behavior than the general population.

A criminologist is a sociologist and must therefore be interested in human beings and their well-being. Human beings must not be, or become, merely objects to a criminologist.

Education Requirements for the Criminologist

As I said, different degrees are required for different jobs, but the courses needed at the undergraduate level in college for criminology include government, sociology, introductory psychology, sociological psychology, juvenile delinquency, criminal law, constitutional law, and criminal theory. Additional studies include forensics, abnormal psychology, corrections, and statistics for the social sciences and business.

Some students also take social work courses that deal with the criminal system and prisons. Criminologists also need classes in writing, computer science, and logic. Advanced degrees are required for individuals who will teach or conduct professional research. These advanced degrees are also required in order to climb the ladder professionally in the field of criminology.

Daily Tasks of a Criminologist

Entry-level criminologists conduct data collection, report proofing, and computer work, and they catalog information about the possible causes of crime and the crimes committed, compile crime statistics, and propose improvements for the use of resources.

These professionals also analyze and develop crime prevention strategies, the causes of crime, and how the community relates to crime. Criminologists may be involved in crime scene investigations or attend autopsies seeking evidence and information to analyze the crime.

Career Paths in Criminology

  • Corrections
  • Counseling
  • Criminal Investigation
  • Diversion Programming
  • Financial Fraud Investigation and Prevention
  • Forensics
  • Insurance Fraud Investigation and Prevention
  • Intervention Programming
  • Judicial/Courts
  • Law Enforcement
  • Medical Investigation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Research and Policy Studies
  • Private Investigation
  • Psychologist—Psychopathology Specialist
  • Retail Investigation
  • Special Agencies
  • Teaching
  • Women's Studies
  • Youth Programming and Counseling
  • Additional Careers in Sociology
DNA offers increasing amounts of evidence.

DNA offers increasing amounts of evidence.

Employment Systems for Criminologists

  • Court Systems
  • Correctional Institutions
  • Counseling Agencies
  • Banks and Financial Institutions
  • Insurance Companies
  • Non-Profit Agencies
  • Private Investigation Agencies
  • Retailers
  • Government

Federal Government

  • Drug Enforcement Agency
  • Federal Bureau of Investigations
  • Homeland Security
  • U.S. Border Patrol

State Government

  • State Highway Patrol
  • Department of Rehabilitation and Correction
  • Youth Services
  • Public Safety

Local Governments: County, City, Township, Village

  • Local Police Divisions
  • Public Safety
  • Department of the Treasurer

Additional Employment Opportunities in Criminology

Universities and government agencies employ professional criminologists for advanced teaching and research and policy assessment. Most criminologists become police officers, FBI agents, or state medical examiners, but criminologists may also work in universities teaching criminology, legal studies, law, and sociology. Federal and state justice agencies employ criminologists as research officers and policy advisers.

Criminologists are found in many different settings: airport security, corrections systems, probation or parole offices, drug enforcement agencies, FBI, US Customs, and other law enforcement agencies, not to mention corporations or financial institutions, and major department stores and law firms employing security officers, private investigators, and/or social workers. Some also work as consultants in the role of private investigators or security.

Areas of Specialization in Criminology

Many areas of specialization exist in the field of criminology. Professionals may concentrate on a specific age group in their work, including elementary school youth, middle school youth, high school youth, young adults, middle-aged adults, and senior citizens.

It is unfortunate that crime has worked its way down into the elementary school ages, but there are drug dealers that use these children to sell drugs and some young children are taking loaded guns to school. Some elementary school-aged children are drinking alcohol and using controlled substances regularly and all of these things contribute to crime.

Criminologists often focus on specific types of crimes. Some work with murders, some with armed robbery, vandalism, rape, or serial crimes of different sorts. They may alternatively specialize in crime prevention, crime scene investigation, criminal litigation, corrections, rehabilitation, or the privatization of prisons.

Profilers are criminologists who build profiles of specific crimes by reviewing patterns of behavior. They look at particular groups of people that commit specific crimes and build a sort of meta-profile, a combination of the behaviors of those involved in these crimes. Profilers can pinpoint an average age range and other demographic and psychological characteristics for an "average criminal" involved in a particular crime.

Criminologists may place their efforts into research, victimology, victim's rights, white-collar crime, the juvenile justice system, forensics technologies, DNA/RNA evidence, or many other areas. Other professionals work in community-based initiatives and among CBOs (community-based organizations), government policy initiatives, and other types of programs and projects.

Organizational Resources

  • American Academy of Forensic Sciences
    This is a professional society dedicated to applying science to the law. Members are physicians, criminalists, toxicologists, attorneys, dentists, physical anthropologists, document examiners, engineers, educators, and others in forensics.
  • American Society of Criminology (ASC)
    The American Society of Criminology is an international organization involved in research and policy and, scientific and professional knowledge about the origins, prevention, and treatment of crime and delinquency, and promoting rehabilitation.
  • British Society of Criminology
    This organization is the UK’s major criminological society. Its goal is to further academic and professional knowledge of all who are engaged in any aspect of criminal justice and criminology, teaching, research, or promoting knowledge.
  • Society for Research In Psychopathology
    Psychopathology plays an important role in some crimes. This organization examines the current related issues in psychopathology and their impact on society, the individual, and criminal justice.
  • Clews: The Historic True Crime Blog
    This exciting true crime blog examines current and past true crimes as well as high quality award winning crime-related literature. Offerings combine journalism, history, and criminology in an engaging manner for the public interest.
  • Erle Stanley Gardner
    This is an online version of the Erle Stanley Gardner Museum that is located in Temecula, CA, where Mr. Gardner practiced law, wrote the "Perry Mason" series and began his work on The Court of Last Resort to free wrongly convicted people.
  • Crime Magazine
    This free online magazine is concerned with true crime. It reports on organized crime, celebrity crimes, serial killings, sex crimes, capital punishment, corruption, the prison system, assassinations, the justice system, crime books, and crime films.
  • Ten Guilty Men
    "Ten Guilty Men" is a University of Pennsylvania Law Review article that examines the complications of the proverbial quote from the crime philosopher Blackstone, "Better that 10 guilty persons escape than that one innocent suffer."
  • The Sherlock Holmes Museum
    Located in the UK, The Sherlock Homes Museum at 221 B Baker Street is a fascinating site of early criminological effort. This link provides an actual Baker Street webcam live, an online tour, and membership to a related society of sleuths.

"CSI" Named Most-Watched TV Show in the 2010s

The CBS television show CSI: Crime Scene Investigation beat House, MD when it amassed over 73.8 million viewers globally. This was reported by the Monte-Carlo Television Festival in June 2010.

The total group of CSI shows dominated most years of the International TV Audience Awards for five years.CSI: Miami was the first show honored as the most-watched drama internationally (2006) CSI: Crime Scene Investigation won in 2007, 2008, and 2010. House, MD, which also often portrays crime investigation and always uses CSI-like diagnosis methods, won in 2009.

All of these shows are drawing additional students to the fields of criminology, forensics, and forensic medicine, just as Star Trek drew people into the U.S. space program.

Earle Stanley Gardner and Dr. Simon Dinitz, two real heroes of criminology, would be pleased.

Crime in Literature and Film

The Court of Last Resort (TV Dramatization)

The Court of Last Resort is a dramatized documentary about a group with the same name founded and maintained by Erle Stanley Gardner. The show (available on Netflix) tells the story of seven attorneys who, during the 1940s and '50s, took on cases of wrongly accused or unjustly convicted defendants to reveal the truth.

Crime and Punishment (Film)

This 1935 film retells Dostoyevsky's crime epic, Crime and Punishment, set in the 1930s, illustrating the mental torture of attempting to hide a crime. It stars Peter Lorre as Raskolnikov and Edward Arnold as Inspector Porfiry.

Crime and Punishment (Dual eBook)

This is a free online rendition of the great Dostoyevsky novel, printed side-by-side in English and Russian. The reader may view the novel in this version or access an English-only or Russian-only text.

Dr. Simon Dinitz

Dr. Simon Dinitz

My Introduction to Criminology: Simon Dinitz

I studied criminology under Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Criminology at Ohio State University, Simon Dinitz (1926-2007), who was an outstanding sociology professor and taught how to avoid a mugging by walking confidently, like you know where you're going and can't be stopped (not like a "tiny woman in a tight skirt and 6-inch spiked heels.") His lessons were substantial and fun: at times, he reminded me of a prison warden in a black-and-white 1940s B movie and his style made his teachings stick. Leaders in the field of criminology have cited Dinitz the strongest person in the field.

He whole-heartedly believed in rehabilitation and that convicted criminals could turn their lives around with the proper help. Beginning to teach at The Ohio State University in 1951 and continuing for the rest of his life, Dr. Dinitz accepted other responsibilities as well, including the position as head of an Ohio prison task force after the deadly 11-day-long riot at Ohio's Lucasville prison in 1993 and the leadership of another task force on overcrowding in Ohio prisons. He was named one of the Big Ten's "Ten Most Exciting Teachers" in 1968 and was honored at Ohio State University with the Distinguished Teaching Award, Distinguished Research Award, and Distinguished Service Award. He was the first faculty member to speak at commencement and national societies honored his research and teaching. Universities from California to Israel asked him to come as a visiting professor.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

Question: I want to work in forensics or law enforcement and am majoring in psychology and criminology for a bachelor's degree in social science. Next year I want to pursue honors studies and do not know whether I should concentrate on psychology and criminology for work as a forensic psychologist or I should work as a professional in a diversion program. Which has better prospects for success?

Answer: The global market for forensics and law enforcement workers is leaning toward an increase in professionals that have advanced degrees in psychology and criminology in the coming decade. My choice would be to pursue a master's degree in criminology after earning the chosen bachelor's degree and to consult with your academic counselor about specific career choices in your city or one to which you want to move in the future.

Question: How do I become a crime scene investigator?

Answer: Different countries may have differing requirements for becoming a CSI. I would start with a 4-year degree in one of the following fields: criminal justice, forensic science, biology, or chemistry. Advanced computer skills will add to your talents.

You will need clear, high-quality communications skills, including verbal, written, and online presenting; along with exceptional attention to detail and an awareness of your own biases in the investigation. Problem-solving skills and critical thinking are imperative, and you must always remember that humans tend to connect things even when they are not connected; so, be aware of that bias.

Collect some law enforcement experiences. If you have none, begin by seeking ride-along with your local police force. Try the local police department's Citizen's Academy that provides some training for non-police. Become a police officer or security guard and seek extra training. If you are in the military, seek military police training.

In spite of all this, some people serve as private detectives (license required) or store detectives (training required) and find this helpful instead of becoming a police officer.

Whatever you decide is your path, follow it and then apply for CSI positions and access these sites for interview advice:,

Question: Is it easy to find a criminology job with a bachelors degree right after graduating in Montreal, Quebec, Canada? How much do you make as a criminologist in Montreal with only a bachelors? And what complementary courses should I take to broaden my criminology degree?

Answer: During Autumn 2018, I found only about 20 jobs in criminology and criminal justice in Quebec. Full-time jobs generally paid $40,000/year with a bachelor's degree. More such jobs are available in Ontario, at starting salaries listed at $39,000 or a little more per year. It is hard to say what further courses you might need and you may need to move in order to find a job.

Question: Are criminal investigators currently in demand in the UK?

Answer: As of mid-July 2018, there are at least 1,500 job openings in the field of criminal investigation listed on,, and These jobs include work as on-the-scene criminal investigators, police and private investigators, forensic investigators, corporate fraud investigators, insurance fraud examiners, and many other related jobs.

Question: Is it possible to secure a criminology internship when you are not a citizen of that particular country?

Answer: This may be possible, depending on the countries involved. Ask the company for which you want to serve an internship about the requirements for the necessary non-immigrant visa you may need to travel from your own country and to work in the other country.

Question: What is the average annual income for a criminologist in America?

Answer: As of 2014, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the annual salary of a criminologist in this country was about $78,000 ($6,500 per month). As of 2017, several recruiting agencies reported that figure to be over $83,000 annually. Starting salaries usually begin around $30,000 to $50,000 yearly.

Question: How do I become a forensic lab technician?

Answer: This is a good job choice, pay-wise, because the median annual income for this job in America is nearly $60,000, with benefits. A forensic science technician usually needs a bachelor's degree or higher in a natural science like biology, chemistry - or even forensic science. This is going to mean a sizable number of courses in math and sciences. On-the-job training is also usually required for crime scene investigators and associated lab technicians.

© 2007 Patty Inglish MS


Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 01, 2020:

Hi Seth! -- It is best for your son to contact his college guidance counselors and academic advisors who should have the information he needs for planning his criminology-related career. I will say that international law/security work is advancing pretty quickly and anything to do with Internet Technology (IT) and related forensic investigations is looking like a good opportunity as well. Your son may well be able to find work in other countries and his advisor at school can help him determine this also. Best success to you and your son in this awesome line of work and study.

Seth Owigo on April 30, 2020:

Hi! My son is undertaking bachelor degree in criminology and security studies in kenya, which he is interested so much! Which area should he concentrate in so much that has a high chances of job oportunity with a better pay? and can he get a job in foreign country with that course? thanks.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on November 12, 2018:

AJ -- It may be possible. Contact your local embassy for the country in which you are interested and ask their advice. Much success to you!

AJ on November 12, 2018:

i am in a different country , can i apply for a job in criminology in another country ?

miwaku on September 04, 2018:


I really appreciate your enlightenment from this article, am a student pursuing Bachelor in Criminology. This article has directs various career paths.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on September 26, 2017:

@Gaby Sultana - Thanks for your question! A good course of study for your son would be a program in Forensic Accounting, which involves digital data and gets at finding and preventing fraud, money laundering, and related crimes. This would be a good start toward a career in Criminal Investigation, especially since our world is increasingly digitally based. Another good choice would be a shorter program in Forensic Technology.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 01, 2017:

It may be possible to find a beginning job you may like, even without experience. Have you completed any related internships? That would certainly be one way into the field.

In what part of criminology would you most like to work?

Nokuthula Vivacious on May 01, 2017:

Because I've studied I'm doing my post graduation. I'm wondering either I will find job for my qualification as I do not have an experience, I'm in SA.

Thank you

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 06, 2016:


Contact your USA embassy in the Philippines and ask which type of visa you may use to enter the USA to work as a police officer or criminologist. Call (02) 976-8500.


U.S. Embassy

1201 Roxas Boulevard

Manila, Philippines 1000

Best wishes!

Bernard on July 06, 2016:

Hi! Sir, i am a police officer here in the philipines for almost 9 years, and i have been a criminal investigator for more than 2 years up this date, and a licensed criminologist. I hope u can help me to apply for any job related to my specialization in your country, i am more than willing to undergo training if require me to do so. Thank you. Bernard

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on June 07, 2015:

Thank you for supplying the information.

ahmed buhari on June 07, 2015:

Admission Processing into the Nigeria Defense Academy is currently in progress, you are to contact NDA helpline: on 08114498994 for assistance on how to get admitted into the NDA. I Wish you all the best of Luck..

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on June 03, 2015:

We will need more people to fill these types of jobs for quite some amount of years.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 19, 2015:

Glad to be helpful! What studies and work might you enjoy more?

poetryman6969 on May 19, 2015:

While I enjoyed programs like CSI, your hub confirms to me that this would not be a path for me. Thanks for the information!

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 09, 2015:

Best of success to you in Nigeria! When does the new president take office there? I read about the election.

aloh marvel on April 09, 2015:

Hey I really love this site. As a student of criminology and security studies, I have been making findings about this course. Even in Nigeria here people don't regard the course as an important course, and I keep on searching for people that will be putting me through. Thanks and God Bless u

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 04, 2015:

@Maximum A - Sounds like you have a fascinating career ahead of you! Well done!

Maximum A on April 04, 2015:

Heavily influenced by Criminal Minds, a secret fantasy of mine has always been forensic psychology and maybe linguistic psych used in crimes. The resources here are great - I didn't know about so many of them!

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on February 12, 2015:

Much success to your son, Melissa Orourke! He should be looking at a good future career with this choice.

Melissa Orourke from Roatán, Islas De La Bahia, Honduras on February 12, 2015:

Great Hub! My son plans on going into Criminal Justice after High School. This Hub presented a lot of great information! Thank you.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 23, 2015:

Great to hear! I will keep an eye out for your announcements.

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on January 23, 2015:

Thanks Patty. I have a beta reader that's helping me out with the editing portions. I'll keep you posted this year.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 23, 2015:

I'd like to read one of your stories!

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on January 23, 2015:

Real interesting. I once wanted to be a CSI, but I do faint at the sight of blood. P.S. I'm an aspiring writer who writes thrillers/eco-thrillers and romantic suspense. I hope to be agented and published someday this year.

neelamnarayankar on January 21, 2015:

Its an interesting subject so I wwould love learn as wrk in these field

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on November 23, 2014:

Hi Mirela - You'll need a work visa and have a job offer from an employer in USA. Contact your local Embassy for help in arranging those things. Visit the US Immigration internet site at www DOT (type a period in place of the DOT).

Mirela on November 23, 2014:

Hi, my name is Mirela. I'm from Serbia. I have a MSc degree in molecular biology, and I really want to work as Forensic DNA analyst in USA. This is my dream since I was a child. Can you tell me is it possible to work that job in USA if I don't US citizen? Sorry for my english, I probably have mistakes in writing.

mercy kihungi. on September 25, 2014:

hello patty .am hoping to join college this year or early next year. i wanted to pursue criminology n security from mount kenya university in kenya but i av been receiving negative comments evrytime i ask for advise. am not sure if this course has been in our country for long, but according to people there are no jobs for such a career. am glad to have come to this site, i av realised the market is much wider that i expected. i wish there was a way to reach out to students and even the general public, create awareness n let them know the necessity of such profession. thanx so much n keep up.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on September 24, 2014:

Great News! -- Congratulations on your college admission, Cathrine! Call or visit Financial Aid at the school ASAP.

Catherine Nakato on September 24, 2014:

the admission is for spring 2015


Catherine Nakato on September 24, 2014:

hi patty,am grateful to let you know that from the advise I received from you.I have been given admission to California State University,Fresno.

for Ms. in Criminology.The only remaining challenge is funding/scholarship.To be sincere I need to identify sources of funds or scholarships as an international student,I do have a financial challenge and I don't want to miss the opportunity.



Catherine Nakato on July 03, 2014:

thanks patty

let me follow your advise on this. hope all goes well.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 03, 2014:

I think that George Washington University and California State University Fresno are good schools, best of the four. Advisors should help more. Probably the places for Juv. and Community programs are most likely to be helpful to you in Chicago, NYC, Los Angeles and DC areas.

Do you know a judge, attorney, public office holder, or police captain in your country who would contact the Criminology Dept. head of the schools or Juv/Community programs on your behalf as a reference and asking for their help for you? I think you need this for school and also your travel visa.

Catherine Nakato on July 02, 2014:

I have a good background in Criminology courses at undergraduate,

is it possible to work with Juvenile facilities, community supervision programs ,do you have such information?

However,Criminology is a new discipline in my country with very few opportunities for further studies and employment opportunities.

thanks Patty

Catherine Nakato on July 02, 2014:

oh thanks.

I have applied to University of Arkansas, George Washington University,

University of Maryland College park, California state University Fresno .

some universities respond that competition is too high.however as an international student I have found it a big challenge to study my dream course in America yet it has the best facilities for Criminology courses .I hope to be helped.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on June 28, 2014:

What universities have you tried? I want to believe that the Admissions Offices have someone who could walk you through each step. If they have no such person, they are losing some good students.

Catherine Nakato on June 28, 2014:


Iam very happy ,thanks for responding.

Yes,I have contacted some of these Universities and applied as

well. I feel demoralized with regrets all the time even after contacting and speaking to the counselors. It seems expensive with the application fee and yet no success is registered.

Been wondering what to do next, that's why I got connection with you.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on June 27, 2014:

Hi Catherine,

Do you have a list of American universities in which you are interested? If so, contact each of their Admissions Offices and ask for their requirements to enter graduate school and ask if they have specific help to offer you as an International Student. Counselors at these officers may be very helpful to you.

Let me know how it goes!


Catherine Nakato on June 27, 2014:

hi .I would to pursue a masters and doctorate in Criminology studies.

Am from Uganda ,my applications have been rejected several times .

I would prefer to study in USA universities because they so far have the best programs.

please help me with connections and advise


patoo on May 08, 2014:

i have applied to study criminology at national open university of Nigeria, but i just found out this useful and interesting site and i really appreciated your effort, keep it on.

Ryan on November 22, 2013:

Psychology is exceedingly intriguing, and criminal hunts are so elatious.

Good, concise article.

Mujahid Shah on June 29, 2013:

i m criminologist, i recently complete my MSC(criminology) from PUNJAB UNIVERSITY LAHORE. i need a job, plz help me

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 07, 2013:

I added a link for the annual Criminology and Forensics Conference and information in India at the bottom of the article.

Search the website with the search terms "forensics" and "criminology" for your answers on jobs and salaries.

Mayur on May 06, 2013:

Hey patty M from India.. need help..

do u know anything about criminology jobs in India.

I'm doing B.A in CCJ

but i wanted to do Engineering

can u plz help me about the Jobs and the salary we can get?? plz reply soon!

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 07, 2013:

Hanna, see of the FBI is still running their NYC summer volunteer program - website is

You need a grade point average of 2.5 in high school for the FBI program.

If the FBI does not work out, ask your high school counselors to help you find something before the end of the school year.

The main point is to improve your health - mononucleosis and chronic fatigue can be related to other conditions and you may not be able to volunteer with a recent history of either illness -- It will depend on the company to which you apply and the state laws. If you need volunteer hours for high school graduation, then your school counselors really should be helping if you ask. They should have a list of places you can go to volunteer (they do in Ohio).

Hannah on April 07, 2013:

Hi, my name is Hannah and I really want to do criminology volenteer work over this summer. I live in NY and although there are places in manhattan i've heard of, i don't think ill be able to get in for i don't have the best grades. I'm not stupid. I have adhd and get sick often. I had mano and chronic fatige so i have missed alot of school. My school lowers grades fo rlateness and absentsess I'm not trying to give excuses. I do try in school when I go. However, I dont know if it will be enough. Is there anything I could do or other porgrams that dont care about grades as much?

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 16, 2013:

When youi get home, contact your local university and ask about the appropraite curricula and the use of your GI benefits for school. Also call your VA represeantative and see if he can help you make connections. Best of success to you!

Dusty on January 16, 2013:

Hi. I am currently serving in the United States military. I would love to become a pathologist for serial killers when I get out. What would be my best route to take to achieve this goal when my service is up.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on December 03, 2012:

Aak your local police department and college/university criminology departments of they need a consultant. That is a good starting place.

N.Timothy on December 03, 2012:

I have an Honours degree in criminology from the University of South Africa and I have retired from teaching after a 40 year service. What can I do in Criminology in my retirement? I am 68 years, still very active.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on November 30, 2012:

Make an appoitnmet now with your college advisor had ask for input to planning the rest of your college career, including transferring your upcoming Associate's Degree to a 4-year college or university. With a 2-year degree in Criminology or Law Enforcement or Forensics, you can start out as a technologist or technician in some part of the criminology field. With a 4-year degree, you can handle more responsible tasks and job titles. Best success to you!

elle-969 on November 30, 2012:

Hi! My name is Eli and I am interested in this field. Right now I am in a Community College doing my basics. What are the next steps I need to take in order for me to become a criminologist? I would appreciate your answer and thanks :)

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on November 12, 2012:

You might be able to combine a medical career with crime investigation. Several people have done both, ever since the 1930s. The simplest route is to be a coroner or medical examiner, but some healthcare practitioners also hold law degrees or criminal justice degrees as well. Speak to a high school or college counselor about designing your own program of study - and good luck!

Poupaps on November 11, 2012:

Thanks for the further intel given in the previous paragraphs. My head is set on a medical point of view for a career. (Doctor, Nurse etc...) But after watching a lot of criminal mind, NCIS and Mentalist, I've developed a strong interest in this domain... As crazy as it may seem. Any advice for a 17 year old guy that wants the best of both world??


Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on August 24, 2012:

First, ask for a referral from your college office for 1) Internships and 2) graduate programs in your own University or nearby Universities and colleges.

Next, investigate the programs offered at the schools of higher education in Lagos:

The University of Lagos, Lagos State University, Caleb University, The Pan-African University, Lagos State College of Health Technology (laboratory training here); also Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos University Teaching Hospital -- Medicine and Criminology are connected in investigations, given the importance of DNA.

Third, investigate higher education programs in neighboring nations.

Much success to you!

Maikudi Usman Yahaji on August 24, 2012:

I'm a Graduate of Criminology & Security Studies of the National Open University of Nigeria. May I have a Counselling advice on how to further my education in Criminology Profession.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on August 22, 2012:

CSI has done a lot to promote work in the field of Criminology, as Star Trek did for NASA and aerospace careers in the 1970s and 1980s. TV can do some good!

mismazda from a southern georgia peach on August 22, 2012:

Very interesting hub and well written. Thanks for explaining the different aspects of Criminology. I myself got interested in this field while watching all of the CSI's shows....I think it is a facinating and interesting field. Voted up and interesting.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on August 13, 2012:

Thanks for posting a comment, Cogerson, and congratulations on your Hubbie Award this year! I wish every success to your child in pursuing a career in a crime lab, all the way to Director. Dr. Dinitz would be pleased with crime lab developments today, I think.

UltimateMovieRankings from Virginia on August 13, 2012:

As they say on talk radio shows....longtime reader first time commenter. I have enjoyed reading your hubs ever since I joined HubPages about 18 months ago. Currently this hub is your highest rated hub according to HubPages and I can easily see why.

You were very fortunate to have been able to study on both Reckless and Dinitz. It sounds like Dinitz was a wonderful and entertaining teacher. I have a friend that works in a crime lab and her love of her job has influenced one of my children to be looking at this field as a possible career path....I am e-mailing the link to your hub to him as it will be helpful and interesting.

Ava on July 31, 2012:

This page is a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next

viewfinders from India on July 28, 2012:

Great hub.....thanks for sharing with us

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 23, 2012:

I felt fortunate and blessed to learn these lessons from some of the founders of various arms of criminology. It was the best part of my first year of college.

whowas on July 23, 2012:

What a very fascinating hub about a very fascinating subject.

In honesty, whilst I was aware of criminology as a discipline and a profession, I had no idea that it was so broad ranging in its field of study or its potential applications.

As a life-long appreciator of the stories of Sherlock Holmes and such like fictions, I was fascinated by the insights into what real criminologists actually do - and indeed the remarkable if often discreet contribution they make to the positive development of society and our general well-being.

The science and technology of modern criminology is no less intriguing. Altogether a fascinating hub - and how fortunate you were to have such empowering and able tutors!

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 16, 2012:

Do you have any colleges or universities that provide criminology courses in your country?

Dique Cudoca on July 16, 2012:

Thank you for the tips. What can I do to join you? How does it take to study it and if a man from another country can do it over the distance.


marketingbloke on July 13, 2012:

Never really thought about criminology but now I know a little about it =] on June 02, 2012:

Hi, guys hv always listened to jitteries from faux bonhomes and thought that all my ambition had bore me pipe dreams. Am extremely glad for the revival of my ambition. Justice to be antibodised. Together we do it, come...i mean you.. Yes you, let us gravitate Justice with immidiate acceleration.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 29, 2012:

Offhand, I'd say at least one of the universities in the Chicago area would have a well developed program, since Chicago is the location of the one of the earliest groups to study criminology. In the next few days. I'll look across the country and report back in a new Hub.

Laura on May 29, 2012:

What do you think is the best school to study criminology in the united states?

Phila on May 22, 2012:

I did Criminology and Sociology as my majors @ the Urnivesity. I would real like to pursue a career in Criminology now that I have better idea of what I want. But there are no opportunities in South africa. I have tried all the resources available. I can even volunteer to gain experience. Any suggestions. 0727228372.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 13, 2012:

That us an interesting sideline. it might help your in your work, especially if designing equipment or aircraft.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 08, 2012:

Your comments are encouraging and I hope we all continue to learn more about crime and its prevention, cablemanagements!

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 08, 2012:

Technology is helping move the field of criminology ahead in many locations. Unfortunately, places like Detroit closed down their crime labs because of lack of funding.

Isyak Muhammad Ibrahim on May 08, 2012:

This is very good job because it help in fighting crime and bring the suspect to book

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 07, 2012:

A lot of jobs in criminology do not require a PhD or a Master's, although some people in this work want to continue their education and training in the field. For a better idea about what' available in your area, scan the job positions posted on and, which have websites on all continents.

Thanks for commenting, martha!

martha on May 07, 2012:

patty in order for one to become a criminologist must have PHD degree in criminology? i love u patty keep it up with the good work from south africa

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 26, 2012:

Sounds like the two should dovetail very well. Ask your university advisors and they should have more info. I think it should be exciting. Good luck!

Kay Tembo on April 26, 2012:

Hey Guys I love it here, just came across it while looking at careers in Criminology... I just started studying a Diploma in Criminology and love anything to do with Crime and Investigation... I have a background of Pharmacology though I am only a Pharmacy Dispenser qualified.... Do you think Pharmacy with Criminology will go hand in hand and help me easily get a job after completion. please advice..... I am in the UK.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on March 22, 2012:

Police Foundations will help you in many occupations.

I thought it important to take cultural anthropology courses, social psychology, abnormal psychology (or deviance), and several sociology classes. Hardships: college takes a lot of work, and time planning, and one must be serious and dedicated to completing the coursework. One semester or quarter of college can be like a whole year or more of high school in depth of study.

Milad Asad on March 22, 2012:

Hi dear Patty,

I really want to thank you for this post and may God bless u.

I am currently enrolled at Centennial college in Toronto, Canada, I know that there isn't much differences in universities in both Canada and the USA so at the moment am enrolled in a 2 years police foundations program and then i will study criminalogy at the Univeristy of Toronto and get a degree, my question is that, the program that i am taking now is quite helpful to my profession (criminology) or am i basically wasting my time ?? and the beside i am sure u hv studied this at the university so can u tell me what hardships, difficulties will be facing once i get accepted in any university in toronto ?? and wat subject do think is more important to focus (eg. psychology).

thank you again and keep the good work up.

i wish we have more people with more knowledge like you.

Kashif on March 19, 2012:

Hi friends,

I have done my degree in criminology & security studies

but i have still not job so how i can find some job in UAE/UK or Australia,

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on March 13, 2012:

Congratulations for your success!

uknown_baby on March 13, 2012:

wow... it is really an informative about what is criminology and who you will be in the future... am a criminologist and now im an instructor of an institution...

Kerry on March 13, 2012:

I have a Criminology Degree and interested in careers in the US. Any suggestions or websites I may find useful?

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on March 04, 2012:

Go to your local college or university visitor's office or admission's office and ask for help' or access their website and email them the questions.

Students or those interested can visit a college in order to find out about college classes before they enroll or even if they do not enrill and they come away with good advice and a set of literature to read.

SarahSingh on March 04, 2012:

I've been home-schooled and schooled online for my fourth attempt, per my parents wishes. So I don't have an advisor to ask :/

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on March 03, 2012:

I think at this point, you could benefit from seeing an advisor at your college or university, asking to see the curricula for both Criminology and Psychology and making your decision with that knowledge.

SarahSingh on March 03, 2012:

When studying Criminology in University, what exactly does one study? Do I need a Science subject to study it or do I need to be good in Science? I just really need some advice here, because my life is basically at a stand still! I was/am studying Law, Year 1. But I had to redo my first year. (mind you, I studied hard and tried my best the first time.) The second time I redid it, I failed, then I lost all of motivation and became unhappy and I felt discouraged.

But I went on to do over Year 1 a third time per my parents wishes. I failed a third time. I barely studied, because I was so unahppy and unmotivated. I'm attempting it a fourth time, but something happened and my parents might let me choose a different career to study. I'm thinking about doing Criminology or Psychology. But I'm confused a bit.

Umm is it hard - studying Criminology, I mean. And ummm does it require a lot of reading? I know I like to study people, what they think and do. And why they think and do those things.... Ugh I kinda don't like reading a lot anymore :( I'm just so confused and don't know exactly what to do, you won't believe. I just need any help or advice I can get, please and thank you! I'm English, if that helps - because I know things vary a bit in America and England, so.....

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on March 01, 2012:

My first year of college, I took several courses in criminology, psychology (esp. abnormal and social), and anthropology in order to get a view of the field from different angles. Whatver you take at the moment in school, read as much as you can in these three larger topic areas - articles, professional journals, and books. Best os success to you!

Okomo M on March 01, 2012:

I've been doing online research like a fiend trying to find something that went over criminology without simply listing its requirements and components.

I'm an American expatriate studying psychology abroad with future plans to get a Masters in criminology... with the eventual goal of joining the FBI--specifically the Behavioral Analysis Unit.

Do you have any suggestions as to things I should get knocked out of the way now instead of later? I'm a first-year so I've got a long, uncertain road ahead of me and any sort of advice from someone in the field of criminology would be helpful. I'm also a little worried that studying outside of the States might complicate things.


Lins Mary Samuel on January 25, 2012:

Thank u so much 4 ur valuable article and comments ,sir

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 25, 2012:

Check with your college or university. Psychology was indeed required in my program.

Lins Mary Samuel on January 25, 2012:

Hi ,I like 2 become a criminologist. I'm studying in +2 nw. I'd many doubts abt it . I think dis helped me a lot 2 clear my doubts .Is LLB or MSc. psychology is necessary 4 studying criminology?

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 23, 2012:

What country are you in, sir?

mabhele Belz,Mr on January 23, 2012:

crime is a very disturbing phenomenon in our communities.and our government has a little offort to prevent it.we dnt have much infor abt criminology in our societies.plz kindly post us ur information about crime.young juveniles are moving up and down no support from them.

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on January 19, 2012:

I think we're finding genetic links and physical problems causing a lot of criminal activity overall. Otherwise, many felons suffer SEVERAL Severe Mental Disorders at once, some inherited, other picked up in the first three months of life from mentally ill folks in their home. Thus, I would recommend Forensic Medicine or Forensic Social Work. However, the best place for prevention is during pre-natal and first quarter of life, with whole-family services given as best we can.

Shauna G on January 18, 2012:

Hi i am a student and looking to study criminology, with the exception that i want to work directly with people and im finding it very hard to figure out how i go about this ? i would really appreciate and help you can give me . I want to try understand why people to the crimes they do and help with their rehabilitation and try to change their life around . Any suggestions ?

Hameed Afridi on December 19, 2011:

as a Criminologist i request to the govt of pakistan that please support Criminologist and give opportunity them.