How to Become a College Professor in India

Updated on April 22, 2016

Knowledge does not exist without a teacher. Students can't excel in their life in the absence of a good teacher. The success of any college or institution depends on the quality of education. But the road between a normal person to a professor or lecturer is unruffled. Now a question arises-How to become a professor? Sheer hard work and sacrifice is needed to do a teaching at a college, which is indeed a booming career path.

Here is how to become a college professor in India-


Step-by-step guide to reach the goal-

To become a college professor, you should follow below steps-

Step 1= You should opt for a stream of your choice (science, commerce or arts) in Class 12th

Step 2= After completing Class 12th, you should opt for the bachelor degree. It is important that you clear graduation with good percentages

Step 3= You should apply for the postgraduate program and score at least 55%, since it is the minimum eligibility to appear for the NET (National Eligibility Test)-the qualifying examination for teaching in a college

Step 4= Either you can sit for the NET exam or can apply for doing research work in your university. M.Phil & PhD degrees are required for doing teaching in a college. A candidate who possess doctoral degree gets an edge over other applicants.

For recruitment as professors in universities or institutions, it is mandatory to clear NET (National Eligibility Test) /SET (State Eligibility Test) examination. Usually, NET is conducted by the UGC (University Grants Commission) twice in a year- June & December every year. Those candidates who have successfully cleared NET are eligible to apply for the lecturer posts in all Indian universities/Institutes/colleges, but the SET qualified candidates will be eligible for appointment of the lecturer post only in universities/colleges, belonging to the state from where they have cleared the SET exam.

Duties of a professor-

1 Preparing syllabus for classes

2 Preparing examinations

3 Calculating grades

4 Meeting students outside the class for help

5 Integrating new learning into current classes

6 Advising students regarding course selection

7 Supervising the research work of graduate students

8 Reading, making suggestions and evaluating thesis proposals of graduate students

9 Participating in Ph.D comprehensive examinations

10 Participating in various departmental faculty meetings

Skills required for professor jobs-

Deep passion for teaching and interest for the subject
Good communication skills
Interest in research work
Complex Problem solving ability
Monitoring power
Time Management
Service Orientation
Active Learner

Some of the top institutions in India paying highest salary to assistant professor or lecturer are-

  • IITs
  • IIMs
  • BITs

Salary & perks

On an average, an assistant professor can earn anywhere between Rs 16000-40,000/month in India; while a professor can fetch an amount between Rs 38000-68,000/month.

Apart from that, a college professor gets paid summer, winter and autumn holidays. Even some colleges offer accommodation to their teaching staff within the campus also. Some of the other perks include-conveyance and medical facilities.

Salary range of assistant professors in different education sectors in India-

Salary (per annum)
General Education (post secondary institutes)
Rs 2-8 lakh/annum
Rs 3-8 lakh/annum
Technical Colleges
Rs 1,78,268-6,19,656
Mechanical Engineering Institutes
Rs 1,85,330-Rs 6,66,485
Biotechnology Institutes/ Research & Development Institutes
Rs 1,89,209-Rs 6,24,183
Source- A leading job portal

Where can you find professor jobs?

There is no dearth of good job opportunities for those who want to kick-start their career in teaching field as professors. In the coming years, a number of colleges, universities, professional colleges, etc., is going to rise. This will help in increasing the demand of qualified teaching staff. A lecturer can serve as a reader, assistant professor, professor or associate professor and can eventually become the department head. All the universities and colleges in India follow the guidelines detailed by the University Grants Commission (UGC). It is the only statutory body in India that looks after the maintenance and standards of institutions in higher education. Before you apply for any job with a college, it is crucial to check the list of reputed institutions which are issued by UGC every year. It will help you to start your career in the right direction.

You can find both assistant professor and professor jobs in any of the following fields-

  • Government Colleges
  • Private both aided and non-aided colleges

  • Universities

  • Research Institutes

    If we closely look at below table then we will find that there is a great demand of professors in IITs, where there is a severe faculty crunch. Apart from offering a handsome salary packages, teaching at IIT is highly prestigious.


Cities producing highest number of abundant assistant professor/lecturer jobs in India

Pune, Maharashtra
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal
New Delhi
Bangalore, Karnataka
Noida, Uttar Pradesh
Ahmadabad, Gujarat
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Jaipur, Rajasthan
Faridabad, Haryana
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Source- A leading job portal

Career progression

As per the UGC (University Grants Commission) rules and regulations, an assistant professor/ lecturer, holding a PhD degree, will be promoted to the Associate Professor post after the completion of 12 years of service. Similarly, those candidates which are working with an M. Phil degree or a postgraduate degree in a professional course will be then moved to the Associate Professor post after the completion of 13 years of service.

Other work areas for a professor

There is a misconception that anybody can teach, which is not at all correct. Impeccable knowledge of the subject matter, clarity of thought, zeal, articulation ability and passion are some of the attributes that a teacher should possess. If you have a deep passion towards teaching, then it is the right career choice for you.

There is always an air of hesitation in taking up teaching as a career choice mainly because of the package. Thanks to the pay commission, professors usually get salaries that are pretty high as compared to the industrial standards. The hierarchy in this field can be like that- Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor/Reader.

Teaching is a continuous learning process and it can take you to a completely different academic level, if you have patience, ability and passion to keep your ears and eyes open all the time. When you get a good college teaching experience, many other options are opened, and some of them are detailed below-

Do you think teachers play an imperative role in our lives?

See results

1= Consultancy

Many academic institutes have established their tie-ups with different industries and research organizations through Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) which helps in augmenting faculty research, consultancy and technology exchange programs. You need to have a good experience because then only you will be considered eligible to take up this leap. If a faculty member has decided to do consultancy then he should-

• Adhere to regulations and rules of institutes and make sure that the work does not disturb your normal teaching.
• Pick those subjects in which you have expertise and interest.
• Create a guideline for pricing (e.g. travel time, teaching, initial meetings) but make sure you are flexible enough.

By taking up a consultancy job, you not only get monetary benefits apart from your salary, but your dream of doing something like your industry counterpart is also accomplished. Many reputed colleges like IITs and private colleges have entered into tie-ups with industries. Nowadays, the consultancy has become the independent profession. Some of the areas where consultancy opportunities exist are-
• Technology
• Finance
• HR/Career/Recruitment
• Construction


2= Training sessions & seminars

This is a field where it is not necessary that the audience should be college students. Typically, training sessions are held for corporate. You can become a certified trainer and take it up as your career choice. Corporate trainers teach such topics, which people usually don't study in their formal education, like business writing etiquette, communication skills, presentation skills, public speaking and various other technical skills. There are academic bodies like ISTD (Indian Society of Training & Development) and XLRI (Jamshedpur) which are offering these types of certifications.

Before you jump into this profession, it is crucial to ensure that you have-

  • Lots of creativity which you may need to make conversation interesting
  • Mature thought process
  • Spontaneity to combat with any tough problem

Either you can associate with an institute or can also work as a freelancer. Below are some of the main areas where trainers are required-

• Technology related training
• On the job training (OJT)
• Behavioral training
• Human resources training

3= Research activities

Research in India is a limited field, but still lot of efforts are put by government bodies to encourage youth to take it up as a career choice. Different funding agencies like AICTE, DAE, TIFR, UGC, etc., in India are also encouraging the young generation to come forward.

Various faculty research programs are conducted by the universities to bolster more & more faculty members to take up research activities. It is mainly done at those colleges which aim towards upgrading and rejuvenating their faculty resources. If a new faculty member has decided to take up research activities, then he should be ready for the following points-
• You should be able to work in a team
• Always ready to think beyond the track
• Able to work for longer hours
• Should be interested to go for higher studies

There are many benefits of taking up research activities. Besides job satisfaction & security, you get research grants apart from your basic salary. IBM has signed a research tie-up with IIT Guwahati.

Some of the areas where you can do research work are-

• Medicine, Engineering,Computer science etc.
• Finance, Management, Accounting etc.
• Classic and ancient history, Music, Performing arts etc.

As a professor, you get an edge over others and therefore, it is also feasible to start your own coaching classes. This profession has a great future and it is recession proof also. Nowadays, coaching for engineering entrance examinations has become a rage. Coaching classes charge around Rs 3000-5000/subject and each batch has nearly 75-90 students.

Either you can become a full-time teacher or can impart education as a visiting teacher. The salary could vary anywhere between Rs 30,000- 1 lakh/month. Thanks to the advent of technology, online tutoring is enjoying a great prominence these days. You can teach students, sitting in any part of the world, through Skype. Also, you can create different educational videos and sell them over the internet. It is a win-win situation for both students and teachers. This field is highly lucrative because you get the chance to earn in international currency.

The job of a college teacher not only covers teaching graduate and post graduate students, but it is also deeply involved in research activities. At this point of time, the relationship of a student-teacher is that of a guide and mentor, and therefore, as a professor, he plays an imperative role.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      6 days ago

      I have a great interest in teaching and I want to teach bio as a subject. I was in 9th class and I want to. Become as a professor In bio

    • profile image


      6 days ago

      The competition in this field is very high

    • profile image

      davinder kaur 

      2 weeks ago

      hi sir.

      it is very useful information.

    • profile image

      Amit Bhatia 

      2 months ago

      Dear Sir,

      I am an Insurance professional aged 41 years, looking for a career change. I completed B.Com in 1997 and did my Masters of Financial Admin. (M.F.A) in 1999, (both in First Class) from DAVV Indore University as a regular student.

      I have done Fellowship in Insurance (F.I.I.I) from Insurance Institute of India in 2016 and also Diploma in Health Insurance in 2017.

      Apart from this i have Certifications in Insurance and Mutual Funds and i am a Certfied Investment Advisor from NISM (SEBI).

      I have a flair for teaching insurance particularly. But neither Finance nor Insurance is listed as a subject in the list of NET Exam.

      Please suggest whether i can choose Management as a subject in NET Exam ?

      Also guide how to prepare for the new pattern of NET Exam scheduled in Dec 2018 ?


    • profile image

      divya Sivakumar 

      3 months ago

      i complete my Master's degree through course.shall i write the NET/SET exam?

    • profile image

      Dharmendra madhesiya 

      4 months ago

      My question is that lecturer and proffessor is same thing

      or not. And in 12th there is option to take science or commerce or arts of our choice

    • profile image

      Sagar Sonker 

      5 months ago

      Dear Sir,

      I have done B-tech(Biotech) in 2016 and then M.Sc. Now i wanna choose a career of teaching because i have been teaching in an inter college since 2017 and tutions for 6 years. I dont have Bed, what should i do to teach in private inter colleges with out Bed. due to financial problem i cant do bed, plz suggest me the right way.

      Thanks and regards,

      Er. Sagar

    • profile image

      Rishabh jha 

      5 months ago

      My class 12 th score is really low will it become a hurdle in my journey to become professor

    • profile image


      5 months ago

      Hi.. Can a science graduate with masters in commerce apply for assistant proffesor in commerce stream

    • profile image


      5 months ago


      currently I cleared the 12th exam in arts stream and waiting for my result..

      I want to become professor ...plz guide me which subject is best for this profession so I can choose that language in UG course. ( I would like to do in English it good or not)...

    • profile image


      6 months ago

      I'm doing bms n i just give me 6th test now my interest is chang I want to become a professor what step should I follow n what the possible whay for me to become a professor plz guide me

    • profile image


      7 months ago

      I am studying fyba and I want to become a lecturer for maths(science stream) in degree college .what are the steps for it plz let me know?

    • profile image

      S bakan 

      7 months ago

      Thanks mam

    • profile image


      7 months ago

      is it necessary to opt only for science, commerce or arts in 12th.

    • profile image


      7 months ago

      I am completed degree. I am interested in teaching(maths) 12th standard students. then what I will do? For next step.

    • profile image


      8 months ago

      Hi Mam, really very informative and appreciable note. I woukd like to know few things like-

      1. Can someone be a permanant Assistant Professor immediate after cracking the NET and what should be the best score to acheive?

      2. Can someone appear NET for two subjects at a time?

      Because as per my knowledge and inquery I found that initially they have to work on Contract basis for a period of 1 to 2 years and they will be paid stipend for that.

      3. Is it necessary for Phd candidates to appear for NET to beacome an Assistant Professor?

      Could you kindly help me out to find the answers for above questions? I will be really thankful to you.

    • profile image


      8 months ago

      thanks a lot for providing all information

    • profile image


      9 months ago

      Thanks for the information.. it's really helpful.

      But there is a question... How much score in 12th class we have to fetch??

      Like I am an average student but I have a deep passion for teaching.

      I'll be waiting for the reply.

      Thank you again !!

    • profile image

      Dhananjay Singh 

      9 months ago

      I have a question plz help.

      Say if i qualified NET/ JRF and did my phd.

      Can i become professor directly after that or will i become assistant professor first and after 12 years i will become professor.

    • profile image


      9 months ago

      Does 10th and 12 grades matters in this career.

      I've 53% in 10th, 54% in 12th, 59.76% in college graduation and 68% in Masters. I've always involved in other activities due to which scores are way low.

      I've deep interest in teaching and want to pursue my career in teaching. Should I apply for NET and begin my career as an assistant professor. Or will my scores hurt my chances of selection and create any further problems.

    • profile image


      10 months ago

      Very nice.

    • profile image


      11 months ago

      teachers are second parents

    • profile image

      Md Samim Akhtar (from Panditpur,lalgola,msd) 

      11 months ago

      Thanks Reena mam for sharing this very needful and important information to be an aiming professor. My concept about to be an professor have more cleared by this information ....,..,.....

      So much thank you Reena ji.

    • profile image


      12 months ago

      Thanks a lot mam..understood everything deeply..tnx

    • profile image


      13 months ago

      Thanks for giving this information

    • profile image

      Rupesh Kumar 

      13 months ago

      It is great growing tips.

    • profile image

      Mithu Roy 

      15 months ago

      Thank you mam for sharing this useful information. It is really helpful for those who seeking a career in education.

    • profile image

      Mayank Agrawal 

      17 months ago

      This information is so helpful for me thank you so much

    • profile image

      Nagma Shaikh 

      17 months ago

      one can pursue m'ed degree after mcom..what if one didnot achive the required minimum creteria of 55%

    • profile image


      18 months ago

      I am graduated in BA Programme from

      Delhi University in 2011 and now I have enroll for MA in Economics from IGNOU .

      I would like to Know that After completion of my MA , Would I be able to take NET Exam and I would be eligible for Assistant Professor after Passing that , if not Kindly suggest me How I c an be Assistant Professor.

    • profile image


      18 months ago

      Very Good and Thanks a lot for guiding us to become a professor

    • profile image

      Param Jethava 

      19 months ago

      I have completed 10 std and i want to become a professor so can anyone just give me advise that which is better science, commerce or any other thing which help me in future...

    • profile image


      21 months ago


      I am a graduate in Mechanical engineering in 2006.

      Since then I am working in R&D department in a reputed private organization which manufactures the mining products. Now I have around 9 years of experience in manufacturing & Designing. I have software related experience also. I am doing MBA/Production & Operations management course through distance.

      I conduct some training programs in the company to teach my colleagues about the new technologies.

      But my dream is to teach students in engineering colleges or polytechnic colleges as a professor.

      Is it really possible to get professor job in Government/private sector?

      do we have job security?

      Do we get salary as expected?

      I would like to do Ph.D also at side.

      I would like to request suggestions from any one of you which can help me to make my dream possible.

    • profile image

      aashi singh 

      22 months ago

      good article for me and very help ful

    • profile image


      23 months ago

      Very clear and important information. Thanks for sharing

    • profile image

      shweta mankar 

      24 months ago

      Reena thank you very much to provide this important articles. i am so happy for read this article bcoz i was found this information very long time on internet.but finally get it.. this info is very useful in my future so thank you reena once again.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Thanks reema .. very informative

    • profile image

      Amit Singh 

      2 years ago

      Hello sir

      My Graduation is going on of commerce field and my future plaining is become a teacher of Accouting field I have lot of Ideas of teaching field every time I gonna New Ideas for Changing Teaching system that Dream how to give interesting of my Teaching? Firstly I want to information of become a Teacher Step by step any body pls give me your support to become a teacher

      Thank You

    • profile image

      Anupam Ghosh 

      2 years ago

      hello.. i have completed my masters' in economics and now want to make a career in academics. but my undergrad marks is below 50% although i fared fairly in my masters'. how does that affect my chances?

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      very informative and well organised ...thank you for sharing.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Thankyou soo much Reena for sharing this information your information is quite clear and well.thanks for sharing how to go through the steps of becoming an instructor. Thankyou.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I have earned a bachelor degree and I am studying master degree, should the B:ed degree is needed or he bachelor degree is enough

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Thank you for sharing so much information

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Are there opportunities for a person who does a phd in Internationl Relations/ International Studies to be a professor in a college? Are there many colleges in India offering Internationl Relations/ International Studies ? In the long run, do you feel its better to do a phd in Internationl Relations/ International Studies or in History assuming the passion is the same for both fields. Will apreciate your help in this area of thought. Thank you.

    • profile image

      Nitesh Kanwar 

      2 years ago

      Quite informative....thanks for sharing.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      good article

    • dhimanreena profile imageAUTHOR

      Reena Dhiman 

      4 years ago

      @teaches12345 yes In India, it is considered both a noble and lucrative profession. In fact, I personally believe that a a right professor can lay down the foundation of our future. I appreciate your efforts in reading my hub and sharing your views.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      4 years ago

      As a teacher I can appreciate the work that goes into becoming a professor. Looks like it is a very rewarding profession in India. Thanks for sharing how to go through the steps of becoming an instructor.

    • dhimanreena profile imageAUTHOR

      Reena Dhiman 

      4 years ago

      @yasirchohan thanks for spending your time on my hub. You are right that our countries are different but I am sure you will definitely find some vital things about teaching profession which would be useful to you.

    • dhimanreena profile imageAUTHOR

      Reena Dhiman 

      4 years ago

      @m abdullah javed thanks a ton for appreciating my hub. I am happy that you like my article and hope that you will use this information in your future assignments.

    • yasirchohan profile image

      Yasir chohan 

      4 years ago from Reisterstown

      your information is quite clear and well represented. While our countries are different, I still think I can find practical use for a lot of information mentioned in your article!

    • m abdullah javed profile image

      muhammad abdullah javed 

      4 years ago

      Hi Reena. Thanks for sharing a very informative hub. You have applied yourself to make it worth. Hope it may serve as a ready reference for the aspirants.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)