Trading Options: TD Ameritrade Lesson One Quiz

Updated on November 19, 2018
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Chris has been trading for over a decade and enjoys the time it allows him to spend time with friends, family and life in general.

Understand the Lesson

TD Ameritrade's "Trading Options Lesson 1 Quiz" covers some very basic information about options. The quiz is only 30 questions long, I have taken it and have 100% on it. This article will help you understand each question and how the answer was achieved.

If you don't understand any of the questions, please do further research until you fully understand the question and the reason for its answer.


Disclaimer

Please do not use this article to cheat, that is, to obtain the options course certificate without understanding the lessons TD Ameritrade presents. Make sure you really understand options trading before you start trading with money. If you don't, you could put yourself in a negative financial situation that could harm you for years to come. If you are new to trading, I would suggest paper trading for a bit before using real money.

TD Ameritrade's Education Center

TD Ameritrade's education center is available to any account holder. The center covers stocks, options, bonds, mutual funds and ETFs, futures, forex, personal finance, portfolio management, strategies and ideas, and tool demos. All very informative and helpful; only a few are specifically for the Think or Swim (ToS) platform.

Even if you do not plan on trading through TD Ameritrade, I would recommend setting up an account just for access to the education center. Several reasons for this are as follows:

  • Professional information
  • None of the distracions of YouTube
  • No hidden agenda: no pressure to join mailing lists, pay fees, or enroll in mentorship programs
  • Reliable source
  • Tests to verify your knowledge

Using the education center won't guarantee your earnings, but it will help make you a better trader.

Trading Options Lesson Quizzes

The options course is a series of 6 main lessons that are created from sub-lessons. There are questions after each sub-lesson, but only two or three in general. At the end of each main lesson there is a 30 question quiz to complete.

The following are questions that are from this quiz. There are more than 30 questions below because the quiz draws random questions from a pool. There may be questions that I have not seen, but these are questions that I have seen with explanations of how to acquire the correct answer.

Let’s say a trader bought a $54 strike call option

Let’s say a trader bought a $54 strike call option on XYZ for $2 when XYZ was trading at $53. XYZ is now trading at $55.50. How much intrinsic value does this option have?

  • $1.50 - Correct Answer
  • $2.00
  • $2.50
  • $1.00

The intrinsic value of an option is the difference between the strike price and the underlying stock's price. This is if the stock price is "in-the-money". Because we identified the option is a call option, which means the underlying stock price needs to be equal to or higher than the strike price. So in this case it would be $55.50 - $54 = $1.50.

In the money means that the underlying stock price is equal to or above the strike price in a call option and equal to or under the strike price with a put option.

Options can help you to increase or manage the risk

Options can help you to increase or manage the risk of a single position or an entire portfolio. What benefit does this describe?

  • Flexibility
  • Ability to scale in or out of a position
  • Enhanced returns
  • Ability to transfer or take on risk - Correct Answer

The option allows you to manage risk, and when the question talks about the benefit most of the available answers are ways in which risk can be managed by using options. Because "Flexibility" and the "Ability to scale in or out of a position" are both ways in which to help offset some of the risk they can't be the benefit themselves. "Enhanced returns" is talking about leverage, which is another benefit of options but it does not have to do with managing risk.

The available answers are quickly eliminated because there is only one answer that encompasses the entirety of risk management. The other three are either a part of how options manage risk or another benefit of options and has nothing to do with managing risk.

True or False: The options contract

True or False: The options contract does not specify the strike price.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

The strike price is the mark you are creating your investment around. The strike price is the sum of all the variables. This is a basic mechanic of options trading and should be a fairly simple question to answer.

An option has an $85 strike price

An option has an $85 strike price, a $205 cost for the buyer (not including commissions and fees), and it expires August 15. What is the price of the option?

  • $85
  • $2.05 - Correct Answer
  • $205

I think this is worded poorly, because of the opening sentence many would assume the price to be $205. The question is talking about a contract though, which is 100 shares. So you would need to divide the $205 by 100 to find that the option price is $2.05.

Let’s say a trader sells one call option

Let’s say a trader sells one call option with a $41 strike and a $3 premium. If the option is assigned, at what price will he sell the shares, not including the price of the option or commissions and fees?

  • $41 - Correct Answer
  • $3
  • $300
  • $4,100

When you sell or buy options it is always based off the strike price. In this case, each contract would be $4,100 because each contract is made up of 100 shares at the strike price of $41.00.

An option has a $32 strike price

An option has a $32 strike price, a $150 cost for the buyer (not including commissions and fees), and expires August 15. What is the price of the option?

  • $1.50 - Correct Answer
  • $3.20
  • $320

Since the cost is $150, you would simply divide this by 100 because there are 100 shares per contract.

Which of the following are commonly

Which of the following are commonly designed uses for options? Select all that apply.

  • Generating income - Correct Answer
  • Speculating on price movement - Correct Answer
  • Investing in real estate

This is a multiple answer question, options are used to generate income, speculation in price, and to hedge your portfolio. They have nothing to do with real estate investing.

Let’s say a trader buys a call option

Let’s say a trader buys a call option on XYZ with a strike price of $32 and an expiration of 30 days. If XYZ is currently trading at $35, at what price does the trader have the right to buy XYZ?

  • $35
  • $30
  • $32 - Correct Answer

The strike price is $32, that is the agreement price for this option. It does not matter what price the stock is for what the purchase price will be, if the buyer exercises the right to purchase the stocks it will be at the strike price.

True or False: Options trading is

True or False: Options trading is generally considered an active trading strategy.

  • False
  • True - Correct Answer

Many option contracts are never held until expiration. They are exchanging hands, being monitored and are actively traded. They stay active and fluid.

True or False: If you buy an option

True or False: If you buy an option, you have to hold it to expiration.

  • False - Correct Answer
  • True

You can sell it or buy to close instead of waiting for expiration. I have currently never held an option until expiration.

The value of an option

The value of an option is derived from another security.

  • False
  • True - Correct Answer

The main force behind an option is a variable called delta, this is derived from the underlying stock's current price.

Who is at risk

Who is at risk of having her options exercised?

  • Option buyer - Correct Answer
  • Option seller
  • Market maker
  • Broker

An option buyer can exercise or have their option exercised at expiration. The option seller can be assigned, market maker is the deal maker and generally has no involvement besides matching buyer and seller, and the broker is the brokerage firm that handles your trading.

Let’s say a trader bought

Let’s say a trader bought a call option on XYZ, and XYZ is currently trading for $80. The strike is $79 and the premium is $3.10. If he wanted to exercise his right to buy shares, how much would he pay for 100 shares, not including the price of the option or commissions or fees?

  • $3,100
  • $310
  • $7,900 - Correct Answer
  • $8,000

The strike price is $79 and a contract has 100 shares. This contract would be $7,900 if it were exercised to obtain the stocks. The premium paid by the buyer was paid only to give the option of buying the stocks at $79.00 and is a not involved in anything besides giving the choice to buy at $79 per share.

Which of the following

Which of the following best describes speculation?

  • Placing a small bet in hopes of winning big - Correct Answer
  • Selling options to collect premium
  • Paying a small amount of money to protect a portion of your portfolio for a limited period of time

Speculation trading is the riskiest way to trade, the risk is high so the pot is big. Other trading methods are safer, but do not pay off as well.

What are the risks

What are the risks of a wide bid/ask spread? Select all that apply.

  • Difficulty getting a desirable price for your trade - Correct Answer
  • Potentially receiving a margin call from the brokerage
  • Potentially reduced returns - Correct Answer

This is a two part answer. Because of the spread of the bid/ask you can get more slippage. This means that you may put a bid in at one price and pay a little more than you want. This reduces the earnings potential because you may purchase higher than desired. This is way many people place limit orders.

Which of the following

Which of the following is true of speculative trades?

  • They’re typically based on price movement in the underlying. - Correct Answer
  • They typically involve taking less risk with the hopes of smaller returns.
  • They’re typically based on the fundamental analysis of the underlying.

Speculative trading is based on price movements of the underlying stock in correlation to resistance and support levels. This makes it riskier than fundamental or hedge investing.

Let’s say a trader sold

Let’s say a trader sold an option. If she wants to buy it back for a profit, what outcome would she prefer?

  • An increase in the options premium
  • A decrease in the options premium - Correct Answer
  • No change in the options premium

If a trader sold an option then their profit would be however much less the contract was the buy back. If you sold a call option for $160 premium and then the underlying stock price dropped significantly and to buy a call option at the same strike price and expiration date was now only $90. You could purchase the contract, so you have zero contracts now, and would gain $70 less commission and fees.

True or False: Options allow traders

True or False: Options allow traders to attempt to manage or even take on more risk.

  • True - Correct Answer
  • False

Options allow an individual to manage some risk to taking blind risk if they desire. No trading is risk free, but with options there are options and strategies to decrease or increase risk.

True or False: Certain options trades

True or False: Certain options trades allow you to both manage and eliminate risk.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

No trade is ever risk free. Most of trading is successfully learning to manage risk, keep discipline, and be consistent.

True or False: The value of an option

True or False: The value of an option can change over the course of a trade.

  • True - Correct Answer
  • False

The value of the underlying stock influences the option, the option does not influence the stock. As the stock price changes the option will continue to change from the time it is created to the time it expires.

Which of the following

Which of the following describes margin trading?

  • Borrowing money from the broker to place trades - Correct Answer
  • Placing trades with a defined margin of error
  • Placing a high volume of trades in a short period of time.
  • Trading options with narrow bid/ask spreads

Trading on margin simply means that you are borrowing money from your broker to cover the cost of a trade. There are charges for the margin that is borrowed to consider as well.

True or False: Options can be used

True or False: Options can be used to lower your net cost when buying stock.

  • False
  • True - Correct Answer

By selling a put option, you are taking a premium for allowing the possibility of an option to be assigned to you at the strike price. This means that if you sell a put option, you receive the premium as payment for accepting this risk. And if the price goes under the strike price, then you are willing to purchase 100 shares per contract at the agreed strike price. The premium can be used to leverage the cost to lower than the underlying stock if it was purchased straight.

Which of the following

Which of the following statements describes an option? Select all that apply.

  • It gives the seller the right to buy shares at a certain price.
  • Its value changes with the value of the underlying. - Correct Answer
  • It’s generally considered less risky than stock.
  • It’s a derivative investment. - Correct Answer

This is a two part answer. With options the value of the option is consistently changing as the value of the underlying stock changes and because the value of the option is derived, or comes from, multiple variables it is categorized as a derivative investment. Some of these variables are interest, underlying price, time, volume, and volatility.

Which of the following

Which of the following describes a leveraged trade?

  • A small amount of money is used to control a large amount of capital. Correct Answer
  • A large amount of money is used to control a small amount of capital.
  • A large amount of money is used to control a large amount of capital.
  • A small amount of money is used to control a small amount of capital.

Leverage is using a smaller force to move a larger force. This works with many things in the real world, pulleys can leverage force to move heavier weights, gears in a clock leverage gear circumference to leverage speed in order to control the hands in a clock, etc. Leverage is using a smaller thing to help control a larger. In the case of options you are leveraging a small amount of money to control a large amount. The premium is small compared to the strike price.

Which of the following best

Which of the following best describes income strategies?

  • Paying a small amount of money to protect a portion of your portfolio for a limited period of time
  • Selling options to collect premium - Correct Answer
  • Placing a small bet in hopes of winning big

An income strategy with options is to sell options to keep the premium. I personally like to limit my risk for a large percentage and do covered calls frequently. This allows me to collect premiums while limiting my risk with a underlying stock price jump. But by selling calls or selling puts, you collect premiums to allow others the right to buy or sell you stocks.


Let’s say a trader bought

Let’s say a trader bought one call option on XYZ, and XYZ is currently trading for $69. The strike is $68 and the premium is $4.10. If he wanted to exercise his right to buy shares, how much would he pay for the shares, not including the price of the option or commissions or fees?

  • $6,900
  • $410
  • $4,100
  • $6,800 - Correct Answer

The current price of the underlying stock only matters in regards to influencing the bid and ask prices. The strike price is the agreed upon price that the stocks can be sold or purchased through the options agreement. With 100 shares being represented with each contract that means that with one contract the equation would be $68 x 100 = $6,800.

If you control a lot of capital

If you control a lot of capital with a smaller investment, what kind of potential outcome might you expect?

  • To have consistently smaller returns than if you’d made a bigger investment
  • To never experience a loss
  • To experience big gains or big losses - Correct Answer

This question is pretty much asking what the benefit of leveraging is. Leverage is a double sided sword because the profit may be larger but the losses will be increased as well. This is why it is so important to limit loss as much as possible.

True or False: The options contract

True or False: The options contract defines the expiration of the option.

  • True - Correct Answer
  • False

One of the essential pieces of knowledge you need when purchasing option contracts is when the expiration date is. This is included for every available strike price in the option chain.


Let’s say a trader bought an option

Let’s say a trader bought an option. If she wants to sell it back for a profit, what outcome would she prefer?

  • An increase in the options premium - Correct Answer
  • A decrease in the options premium
  • No change in the options premium

If a trader bought an option and wants to sell it back for a profit, they need to sell it for more than they purchased it for. If you purchase something and want to make money you need to sell it for more than you bought it for. The reverse is true if you sell an option and want to buy it back then you need to sell higher than you buy it back for.

If a trader buys an options contract

If a trader buys an options contract, what does she own?

  • Ownership in a company
  • Shares of the underlying security
  • The right to buy or sell shares of the underlying at a specified price for a specified amount of time - Correct Answer

Option contracts set parameters for trading options which represent an underlying stock. They do not give ownership or shares unless they are exercised or assigned. These are the only two rights that buying or selling options gives you.

Which of the following are risks

Which of the following are risks of options trading? Select all that apply.

  • Flexibility
  • Overtrading - Correct Answer
  • Leverage - Correct Answer
  • Exercise/Assignment risk - Correct Answer

There are three answers to this question. A trader can spend more money than needed by over-trading, leverage can cause increased losses as well as increased earnings, and if you have an option then you are at risk of having it exercised or assigned.

If a trader wants to sell options

If a trader wants to sell options against existing stock positions with the hopes that they’ll expire worthless, which type of strategy might she use?

  • Speculation
  • Hedge
  • Income - Correct Answer

This is called a covered call and is used to collect the premium and if the option is assigned then the buyer gets the shares that you own. 100 for each contract sold, but this also manages risk because there is not an unlimited risk since you can trade your shares instead of having to purchase them.

Let’s say a trader sells a call option

Let’s say a trader sells a call option on XYZ with a strike price of $22 that expires in 29 days. If XYZ is currently trading at $20, at what price would the trader be obligated to sell XYZ if the option is assigned?

  • $29
  • $22 - Correct Answer
  • $20

This is asking the price that these stocks would be sold for, not the price the underlying stock needs to be. Since the strike price is $22 that is the price that this stock would be sold for.


Let’s say a trader wants to buy a call option

Let’s say a trader wants to buy a call option on XYZ, and XYZ is currently trading at $81. If she chooses an option with a $83 strike and a $4.20 premium, at what price would she have the right to buy shares of XYZ?

  • $4.20
  • $42
  • $83 - Correct Answer
  • $8.10

She would have the right to purchase the shares at the strike price is she exercised the contract. The strike price is $83 with this option and this means that $83 is the agreed price for the shares.

Let’s say a trader wants to sell a call option

Let’s say a trader wants to sell a call option on XYZ, and XYZ is currently trading at $81. If he chooses an option with a $83 strike and a $4.20 premium, how much will he receive per contract for selling the option, not including the price of the option or commissions and fees?

  • $4.20
  • $8.10
  • $420 - Correct Answer
  • $830

The wording can be a little confusing on this one. Since the option would be sold it does not mean that the stocks would be sold as well. By selling the option a trader is giving the option for the buyer to purchase the shares at the strike price with an expiration date that is stated. This means that the seller would make the $4.20 per share in this example which would be $420 per contract.

The value of an at-the-money option

The value of an at-the-money option is unaffected by changes in the value of the underlying.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

The price of the underlying is one of the most important aspects of options. This is represented by the delta, which is often the first and most talked about Greek.

Who is at risk

Who is at risk of assignment?

  • Market maker
  • Broker
  • Option buyer
  • Option seller - Correct Answer

A seller is the only one that can be assigned in this group, the market maker is the deal maker between buyers and sellers, the broker is the person you are purchasing through, the buyer can exercise the right to purchase and the seller is help accountable to sell when the contract is exercised.

Who is at risk of assignment?

Who is at risk of assignment?

  • Option buyer
  • Option seller - Correct Answer

This is another version of the above question. And again, the answer is as follows: A seller is the only one that can be assigned in this group, the market maker is the deal maker between buyers and sellers, the broker is the person you are purchasing through, the buyer can exercise the right to purchase and the seller is help accountable to sell when the contract is exercised.

True or False: If an option expires worthless

True or False: If an option expires worthless, the option buyer is refunded the premium.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

The premium is never refunded. The premium is often a large part of the reason that sellers are willing to sell options and help off-set risks of trading. This is the fee for having the right to exercise an option contract.

Which of the following are specified

Which of the following are specified in an options contract? Select all that apply.

  • The current price of the underlying
  • The trade’s profit/loss
  • The expiration date - Correct Answer
  • The strike price - Correct Answer

This is a two part answer. The current price of the underlying is always changing and is not part of the option contract. The amount of money a trader will gain or lose is not a part of the option contract, although many probably wish it were. The expiration date gives the deadline when the contract ends and is an essential part of the contract and the strike price tells the line in the sand that the underlying stock that the contract will be compared against.

Let’s say you placed 10 options trades

Let’s say you placed 10 options trades last week, and 40 options trades this week. What differences would you be likely to observe in your account this week?

  • Pay more transaction fees - Correct Answer
  • Higher probability of success
  • Higher returns

The only thing more trades will guarantee is that a trader will pay more transaction fees. This is why efficient trades should be a focus in trading to keep loss as tight as possible.

Options trades can be placed

Options trades can be placed in which type of market conditions? Select all that apply.

  • Neutral - Correct Answer
  • Bearish - Correct Answer
  • Bullish - Correct Answer

Options can be traded every way imaginable because they are so flexible. Not only can options be traded in a nuetral, bearish, and/or bullish market, a trader can profit from all of these market types as well.

Trading options is generally considered

Trading options is generally considered less risky than trading stocks.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

Option trading is riskier than trading stocks in most regards. There are more variables influencing the movement and profitability of options and it can be harder to forecast. Leverage and flexibility can be a hindrance instead of a benefit as well. Options are more complex than stocks are.

True or False: If an option is exercised

True or False: If an option is exercised, the option seller must pay back the premium.

False - Correct Answer

True

The premium is payment for the right or obligation to sell or purchase a stock. The premium is not paying for anything else besides this right or obligation.

Which of the following is the ideal outcome of a hedge?

  • The hedge loses value and the underlying gains value. - Correct Answer
  • The hedge and the underlying lose value.
  • The hedge gains value and the underlying loses value.

True or False: Both the option buyer and

True or False: Both the option buyer and seller can exercise an option.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

The option buyer exercises and the option seller is assigned. On a call option, the option buyer can exercise the right to purchase the underlying stock and the option seller can be assigned to sell the stock at the strike price.

With put options, the option buyer can exercise the right to sell and the option seller is assigned to purchase it at the strike price. They are selling the right for another to sell to them at a certain price.

Which of the following is true

Which of the following is true of options trading?

  • Each strategy has the same direction.
  • Each strategy is tied to an underlying. - Correct Answer
  • Each strategy has the same risk/return.
  • Each strategy has the same construction.

Option are flexible and can be bearish, bullish, and/or neutral. The means that each strategy does not have the same direction. Each strategy has a different risk and by knowing more strategies you learn to decrease risk if you are applying the strategies to the correct circumstances. Options are set up differently, puts and calls, iron condors, verticals, etc. There are many different set-ups across the board when it comes to options.

All options do tie into the underlying to a degree. There are other variables, but the price of the underlying is one of the main drives behind options.

Let’s say a trader wants to buy an option

Let’s say a trader wants to buy an option on XYZ, and XYZ is currently trading at $23. If she chooses an option with a $25 strike and a $2.50 premium, how much will she pay per contract, not including the price of the option or commissions and fees?

  • $250 - Correct Answer
  • $2.50
  • $25
  • $23

The price would be $250 per contract because $2.50 x 100 = $250. The strike price and the current underlying price have a part to play in that ask price, but the ask price is what the cost is per share and each contract has 100 shares.

True or False: If an option expires worthless

True or False: If an option expires worthless, the option seller must pay back the premium.

  • False - Correct Answer
  • True

This is one of the ways that people make income from options, by selling options to expire worthlessly and collect the premium. This is the same as saying if you do not use auto insurance, the insurance company will give you the money back.

True or False: Options can only be traded

True or False: Options can only be traded in bullish market conditions.

  • True
  • False - Correct Answer

Options are flexible and can be traded in almost anyway imaginable. Bearish, bullish, and neutral markets all have choices for options to be traded.

How can an option seller make money

How can an option seller make money on an options trade? Select all that apply.

  • By selling the option at a higher premium and buying it back at a lower premium - Correct Answer
  • By collecting premium - Correct Answer
  • By exercising his right to sell stock

Collecting premiums is a way to make money with options as well as selling an option at a higher premium and then buying, also called covering the position, by purchasing it back at a lower price. The profit would be the difference between the two premiums.

A seller gets assigned, but does not have the right to exercise selling a stock. They are selling the right to be assigned a stock, this is the risk they are being paid for with the premium.

Let’s say that when XYZ was trading at $50

Let’s say that when XYZ was trading at $50, a trader sells a call option with a strike price of $55 that expires in 50 days. If XYZ is currently trading at $56, at what price would the trader be obligated to sell XYZ if she was assigned?

  • $55 - Correct Answer
  • $50
  • $56

Since the strike price is $55 and the strike price is the agreement price in an option this is the correct answer. This means that the seller would make $1 less per share than if they sold the stock themselves, but the premium will help offset this difference. If the underlying stock was not at or over $55 then the seller would simply keep the premium as well as the stocks.

In the above example, the seller would make $550 per contract sold as well as whatever the premium was not including commissions and/or fees.

True or False: If you buy a put as a hedge

True or False: If you buy a put as a hedge on a stock position, your net cost will be higher than the cost of owning the stock alone.

  • True - Correct Answer
  • False

If you only owned the stock, you would not be buying an option as well. In this case, the hedge is purchased to help offset potential bearish action to the stock itself.

Hedging is having two directional bets against each other. I do a lot of covered calls which having the stock itself is a bullish direction, but the call is a bearish call. I then own both directions of movement.

Which of the following best

Which of the following best describes hedging?

  • Paying a small amount of money to protect a portion of your portfolio for a limited period of time - Correct Answer
  • Placing a small bet in hopes of winning big
  • Selling options to collect premium

A hedge is a protective move to protect your portfolio. This is done by owning both directions of movement to offset a loss on your main holding.

True or False: Every options strategy

True or False: Every options strategy has the same probability of success.

  • False - Correct Answer
  • True

Each option has its own set of risk which means that each has a different probability of success. Every situation is different, although with experience there are similarities between them that will help to foresee the outcome better.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

  • What is the ideal outcome of hedging?

    Hedging is shorting stocks to offset the risk of positions taking a loss. Hedging is a very risky method for attempting to limit loss.

  • Let’s say a trader sold a 35 strike put option on XYZ for $0.75 ($75 total) when XYZ was trading at $37. XYZ is now trading at $34.50. How much intrinsic value does this option have?

    Quiz questions during pre-market analysis, learning is always good. The answer to this one would be $0.50 or 50¢. Since this is a put the value must be under the strike price to have any intrinsic value. Strike price - Current price = 35 - 34.50 = .50

© 2018 Chris Andrews

Comments

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    • m-a-w-g profile imageAUTHOR

      Chris Andrews 

      2 months ago from Ohio

      I will be working on getting more of the quizzes up when time permits. These are actually much longer to post because I attempt to see as many questions as possible before posting.

    • profile image

      John 

      2 months ago

      Do you have a post on the other quizes?

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    Marketing
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    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)