Day Trading Stocks and the Risks I’ve Learned to Avoid

Updated on September 10, 2019
Glenn Stok profile image

Glenn Stok writes about investment strategies and controlling risk that he has perfected with 40 years trading stocks, options, and futures.

Source

I have over 40 years of stock market experience, buying and selling stocks long-term as well as day trading online.

Day Trading is a risky business. I've learned a lot of tricks to make it work, from my experience. Successful professional day traders focus on scalping small gains at a time. The profits add up by doing high-frequency trades. However, this is a very emotional business.

My experience with day trading has enlightened me about the risks involved. I discuss crucial techniques that are necessary to understand and stay in the game.

Is Day Trading Profitable?

When I first started day trading, over 90% of my trades always went against me at the beginning. I was diligent about taking profits, so when they turned around and became profitable, I got out.

The thing that helped conserve my resources was that I took small profits when it came in my direction. If I was greedy and waited, I usually lost money. Greed is a terrible thing in trading, and one needs to control it.

I realized that this is not a good strategy, though. The time will come that a trade keeps going in the wrong direction. I knew that day would come.

I needed to figure out why most of my trades started in the wrong direction. You would think that there would be a 50-50 chance. Stocks, futures, even options, can go up, or they can go down.

Moreover, they can go up or down at any time. Even if a stock went sky-high and you think it will give some of that back, it still has a 50% chance of going higher. That’s the statistics. Keep reminding yourself of that, because it might just save you from making a terrible mistake in the future.

Things never go the way you expect. If they did, we all would be multi-billionaires. I thought I knew what I was doing when I started to day trade. When the trend was up, I went long. When the trend was down, I went short.

It was strange how my trades were always going in the opposite direction.

I thought that I just needed to put my trades in the opposite direction from what I intended to do.

I figured I’d be successful almost 100% of the time then. I knew that was ridiculous, and I was merely entertaining myself with that thought. I was not serious with that, but I needed to figure out why my trades were consistently going in the wrong direction.

The Reason Why the Trades Went Against Me

I was placing all my trades with a limit order. When I saw an upward trend, I would go long with a limit order slightly lower than the present price. I thought that I was giving myself the chance of getting a better entry price because everything fluctuates anyway.

I also did the same thing in reverse. When I saw a downward trend, I entered a limit order going short at a slightly higher entry than the present price. Again, I was thinking that I was getting a better price.

That didn't work because I was forcing my trades to wait for a reversal. That's not what I wanted. By placing limit orders as I described, the trades didn't execute until the trend reversed.

Most of the time, that reversal continued, which is in the opposite direction from what I wanted.

The solution would have been to get in right away. I would have gotten on the ride in the direction that the market was still trending. That is tricky, however. You don’t want to use a market order because the market makers will always give you the worst price.

The Right Way to Use Limit Orders

You still need to use a limit order, but place those limit orders for the asking price on a long trade or the bid price on a short trade. Those trades will execute immediately and without any surprises.

Once I started placing trades at the bid and ask, my trades moved in the right direction right from the start more frequently. It’s not a 100% certainty, but anything better than 50% is putting the odds in our favor.

Bid
<–– Spread ––>
Ask
The price buyers are willing to pay.
The difference between the bid and the asking prices.
The price sellers are willing to sell at.

Why You Need a Tight Bid-Ask Spread

The trade still has only a 50% chance of going one way or the other. However, the trend helps a little as long as it doesn’t turn on you before you get out.

For this reason, it's essential to trade only where the spread between the bid and ask is minimal. Otherwise, you may not get a chance to close the trade at a profit. Remember, you need to day trade with small moves. You’re in and out quick, taking small profits. A wide spread is no good in this case.

Day Trading Futures

I like trading the Mini S&P 500 Futures. It’s heavily traded and therefore has a small bid-ask spread. So if you need to get out soon, you don't get hurt by a sizable spread.

Other advantages of Mini S&P 500 Futures:

  1. IRS section 1256 allows applying 60% of the gains as long-term for tax purposes, even if held for less than a day.
  2. There are no day trading limits with futures. The IRS may consider you a day trader if you trade stocks more than three times a day, and that has tax consequences, but not with futures.

Don't Let Emotions Guide You

Day trading requires an awful lot of diligence. You need to manage risk and accept failure without letting emotions guide you.

The method to avoid emotional trading is to use a mechanical rule. That is, follow a pre-determined reason for entering or exiting a trade. Never let your emotion change that plan.

One other thing. Failure to admit when you are wrong will lead to hoping that the market will turn in your favor. The market doesn't care. It's all up to you to be successful. If you can't control your emotions, then stay away from day trading.

If you can be strict with yourself and create a mechanical method of entering and exiting trades, then this could be a worthwhile experience where you might be able to make a profit.

Poll

What’s your experience with day trading?

See results

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

    © 2016 Glenn Stok

    Comments

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      • Glenn Stok profile imageAUTHOR

        Glenn Stok 

        2 years ago from Long Island, NY

        Nancy Owens - I can't make any specific recommendations, but I suggest you educate yourself with investing if you want to go on your own. Read up on how to determine stock value based on price/earnings ratio and don't listen to television personalities. They make money no matter if they are right or wrong.

      • profile image

        Nancy Owens 

        2 years ago

        Hi Glen... So, I currently have a modest portfolio that a broker manages. But I would like to try investing online at one of the places that advertise on television and is endorsed by a trusted television personality. I have been wondering if I were to save up or earmark a small sum, how would the process work? Not a day-trading thing, but just one where I choose my investments.

      • Glenn Stok profile imageAUTHOR

        Glenn Stok 

        3 years ago from Long Island, NY

        Nell Rose - If you're new to trading it would be helpful if you know someone who does this actively so you can work and learn side by side. There are a lot of things to understand in order to make this a success. I wrote a few hubs on various trading strategies. As you said, Nell, you never know. It's always enjoyable learning new things.

      • Nell Rose profile image

        Nell Rose 

        3 years ago from England

        This is interesting, and not something I had thought would get my attention, but I may just go and take a look to see what it entails! you never know...lol!

      • Glenn Stok profile imageAUTHOR

        Glenn Stok 

        3 years ago from Long Island, NY

        Happymommy2520 - You've got a good plan there, going with strong companies. Thanks for your compliment.

      • Happymommy2520 profile image

        Amy 

        3 years ago from East Coast

        Great article. I have had some positive experiences with day trading. Usually I go for popular strong companies. Very informative article. Lots of luck!

      • Glenn Stok profile imageAUTHOR

        Glenn Stok 

        3 years ago from Long Island, NY

        FlourishAnyway - Sounds like you've got it all worked out for diligent investing.

      • FlourishAnyway profile image

        FlourishAnyway 

        3 years ago from USA

        I'm more of a short and long term investor but I manage to keep emotions completely in check and try not to over analyze my stock picks. Some people go way down deep into th weeds but I look at a couple of key numbers, and it has worked very well overall as an additional income generator.

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