Skip to main content

Home Warranty Policies: System and Appliance Coverage

Marlene is a California real estate broker who has been selling property since 1989. California Real Estate License number 01056418.

With a home warranty, appliances and systems can be repaired or replaced.

With a home warranty, appliances and systems can be repaired or replaced.

A Home Warranty Personal Experience

December 29th, 2006, is a Saturday etched deep inside my brain. It is a day I shall never forget. My husband and I had just purchased our new home located in the San Francisco, California, East Bay Area. It was a few days before the New Year. We wanted New Year’s Day to be a day of celebration, so we worked diligently to move furniture and unpack boxes.

Finally! It was 8:00 p.m., and we were almost settled in. We decided to save whatever little unpacking we had to do for a later day. It was one of the coldest nights in the history of the season, and we were starting to get a little chilly. We needed heat, so my husband went to turn on the furnace and . . .

. . . nothing happened. We could see that the pilot was lit, but no heat was coming out of the furnace. “What are we going to do?” I asked. I was so cold my teeth were chattering. We had waited too long to get the house warmed up. “Well, my dear," my husband turned to me and said, “It’s a good thing we have that home warranty.”

Indeed, it is a good thing we had a home warranty. The home warranty company had a 24-hour hotline, so we called to schedule a service. Because it was a holiday weekend, we were not able to get service until the following Monday. We were alright with that because we knew if it were us, we would not want to go on a service call during the holidays. Our patience meant that we would have to find other means to keep warm until the service technician could come out to diagnose the problem. It was cold, but we were happy in our new home.

Having a home warranty meant that we could call for service, pay a small fee, and get our furnace repaired or replaced. We were satisfied with the service, but later in this article, I will share a personal experience about what can go wrong even if you have a home warranty contract. I will also shed light on some things to be aware of home warranty contracts.

Anyone Can Pay for the Home Warranty Service Contract

I have been involved with transactions where the buyer wants a home warranty service contract but wants the seller to pay for it. The seller refuses to pay, so I pay for the warranty myself. I don't mind giving up a little commission to make sure the buyer moves into the home with the protective service of a home warranty.

What Is a Home Warranty?

A home warranty is a contract for service with a standard term of one year which is renewable at the end of each term. Homeowners buy home warranties to protect them against the cost of unforeseen repairs to home appliances and household systems. At the time the home warranty is issued, the appliance is presumed to be in good working condition prior to the start of the contract.

As a real estate broker, I insist on the buyer having a home warranty before they take occupancy. The buyer or seller can purchase the home warranty contract; however, in my region, it is customary for the seller to pay for this service. The concept behind this custom is that the seller is willing to pay money as a gesture to state that the appliances and systems are in working condition at the time of the sale. Should a buyer move in and find, for whatever reason, something does not work, the buyer can use the home warranty to bring the item into working condition.

What Is Covered in a Home Warranty Contract?

Home warranty coverage varies by company, so it is important to compare contracts to assure you are comfortable with the appliances and household systems covered by the contract.

Home warranties typically cover mechanical, plumbing, and major appliance repairs that homeowner’s insurance doesn’t cover. The type of homes covered are residential single-family homes (including manufactured housing), new construction homes, condominiums, townhomes, and mobile homes. Homes must be owned or rented as residential property, not commercial property. Homes must be less than 5,000 square feet.

Personal Experience

My husband and I had an old heater and air conditioner covered by a home warranty contract. The heater went bad and was replaced by the home warranty agreement; however, the contract did not cover code changes; therefore, it cost us about $5,000 to replace the compressor because at the time the original heater and air conditioner were installed, the county made some code changes, making it so that the connections to the heater no longer conformed with the current county code stipulations.

Read your contract carefully. Be aware that the contract may stipulate that the home warranty company is not responsible for industry or local specification requirement changes. In other words, an appliance that may have been covered at the beginning of the contract may no longer be covered due to county ordinance or code changes.

Definitely check to see which appliances and services are covered. More than that, check to see if the home warranty contract covers the full replacement cost of an item.

Home Warranty Companies

My experience with home warranty companies is that in a side-by-side comparison, they all operate fairly the same, servicing the same appliances and systems, but offering varying combinations of coverage and prices. Customer service is excellent, with no one company standing out among the others.

Scroll to Continue

Read More From Toughnickel

I have outlined the home protection service plans of two prominent home warranty companies. These two companies represent the general concept and the type of offers you can expect to see when you visit home warranty company websites or when you call to speak to a representative.

Caution: While the following information is reliable, it is not meant to be depended upon for making a selection. All home warranty companies differ in what they have to offer and the prices they charge for their services. Use this information to give you an idea of what you can expect to see when searching for your home warranty policy.

American Home Shield

American Home Shield has two basic plans and you can pay monthly for their service.

  • The Combo Plan is a general plan that provides coverage for many of the main appliances and systems in your home.
  • The Build Your Own Plan lets you select 10 or more covered items so that you can get only the coverage that you feel is most important for you.

Old Republic Home Protection

Old Republic Home Protection has three basic plans, and you pay upfront for the entire year.

  • Standard Coverage Plan: Covers basic appliances and systems in your home.
  • Ultimate Protection Plan: Covers everything in the Standard Coverage Plan, plus refrigerant recapture, reclaim and disposal, code upgrades, permits, haul away, cranes, improper installation, and mismatched systems.
  • Platinum Protection Plan: Covers everything in the Standard Coverage Plan and the Ultimate Protection Plan, plus increased coverage for plumbing items, increased coverage for stoppages, modification (with Additional Code Upgrades), and increased coverage for specific HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioning) systems.

Appliances and Systems

The following table of home warranty appliances and systems shows what you can expect to have covered in a home warranty service contract. There are no hard and fast rules for what is labeled as an appliance and what is labeled a system. Each company has its own criteria for labeling appliances and systems. Your personal contract will outline the specific details of your service. Generally, home warranty companies list appliances and systems as shown below.

Note: Some items are shown as both an appliance and a system. For example, the plumbing associated with a dishwasher would be covered as part of the appliance service.

Home Warranty Appliances and Systems Table

Each home warranty company differs in how they label appliances and systems. Contact the home warranty company directly to know their specific policy.

AppliancesSystemsOptional Add-Ons

Generally, the following household appliances are replaced, or the broken components are repaired:

Generally, the following household systems are replaced, or the broken components are repaired:

Generally, the following household appliances and systems are not covered in a basic contract, but can be added on:

Instant Hot/Cold Water Dispensers

Air Conditioning, including ductwork


Central Vacuums

Heating, including ductwork

Water Softener



Septic Pumping

Ceiling Fans

Garbage Disposals

Limited Roof Leak Repair


Instant Hot/Cold Water Dispensers

Water Heater

Central Vacuums

Water Pump

Smoke Detectors


Ceiling Fans

Garbage Disposal





Personal Experience

A personal quote for my modest home is as follows:

  • Monthly Cost: $36.33
  • Trade Service Fee: $100

Note: If I were to lower my trade service fee to $75.00, then my monthly cost would increase to $42.83.

How Much Do Home Warranties Cost?

The cost varies by company, so you must call or visit the company’s website to obtain a quote that will provide the service you need. Below (for the two company examples shown in the above paragraph, "Home Warranty Companies") are some prices you will see when you visit the website.

American Home Shield Warranties

  • Appliances Plan: $22.17 per month
  • Systems Plan: $25.67 per month
  • Combo Plan: $36.33 per month
  • Build Your Own Plan: $29.92 per month (For 10+ appliances and systems.)
  • Trade Call Fee: $75, $100, or $125 per diagnostic visit (You choose the price; the lower the trade call fee, the higher the monthly fee.)

Old Republic Home Warranties

  • Standard Protection Plan: $275 per year
  • Ultimate Protection Plan: $385 per year
  • Platinum Protection Plan: $485 per year
  • Trade Call Fee: $60 per diagnostic visit

How Does the Service Work?

The process is easy. Either call the service number or go online to place an order for service. Very shortly after you order a service call, the service process begins:

  • The home warranty company will assign a local pre-screened repair technician to your home. The technician will call ahead of time to schedule a time for service.
  • You pay a small service fee which is predetermined at the time you establish your policy. This fee generally runs in the ballpark of $50–$125.
  • The appliance or system is repaired or replaced.

There is nothing more to do.

Beware of the Following Disclosures

Most people tend to ignore the information at the bottom of the page in small grey print. Save yourself some disappointment by making sure you read the fine print. Be sure to read about the following disclosures:

  • The trade service call fee: This fee applies to the initial visit by a contractor for each covered trade. This is the fee you pay to have a contractor come to your home to diagnose a problem. The trade service call fee is a fee that is selected and stated at the time you sign your contract.
  • The replacement policy: Appliances and system components will be replaced with units having comparable features, not necessarily the same dimension, color, and/or brand. There may be additional charges for some repairs and replacements. The home warranty company may provide cash back in lieu of repair or replacement in the amount of the home warranty company’s actual cost to repair or replace such items, which in most cases may be less than the actual retail pricing. Any item designated by the manufacturer as for commercial is not covered.
  • State or local taxes: In your state or county, sales taxes may apply. The rate shown may or may not include such taxes, so you want to make sure to inquire about any applicable taxes.

If you have questions about your coverage, it is wise to contact your home warranty company and speak with a representative.

Read the Contract

The contract is where you will find the details of your home warranty coverage. Be aware that even though items may be listed as covered, some components of the item may not be covered. For example, some policies list the doorbells as being covered. All of the components and parts of the doorbell are covered except when the doorbell is part of an intercom system.

Be aware that if your appliance or component is located behind obstructing walls or floors, there may be an additional cost to you. In addition, the home warranty company may not return the wall or floor to the exact style of the original.

If permits are required, the home warranty company may offer to pay up to a limited amount.

Read the entire contract before signing, paying particular attention to print that is bold or grey.

The Home Insurance Policy Versus the Home Warranty Contract

Often, people think that if they have a home insurance policy, they do not need a home warranty contract. The truth is, there is a difference between these two home protection services. In order for your property, your home appliances, home systems, and your personal belongings to be repaired or replaced, you should consider having both a home insurance policy and a home warranty contract. With both types of services in place, your house and home operation features can be repaired or replaced (depending on the agreement you sign with the company).

What Does a Home Insurance Policy Cover?*

  • Home insurance policy coverage example: If you drop a hot skillet onto your kitchen floor and burn the floor, the insurance policy would cover the cost of repair or replacement of the floor.
  • Home insurance policies cover the structure of your home and the personal belongings that you store in your home. If there is an accident or covered peril (such as a hail storm), a home insurance policy is designed to repair or replace the damage or loss.

What Does a Home Warranty Policy Cover?*

  • If your clothes washer were to spring a leak, the home warranty contract would cover the cost of repair or replacement of the washer.
  • Home warranty contracts cover your home appliances and systems that fail due to normal wear and tear.

Home Warranty Service Contracts Can Save You Money

Home repairs or replacements can cost hundreds or thousands of dollars. Protection by a home warranty service contract can be a cost-saving benefit, helping you manage the cost of repairing or replacing broken items. Appliances and home systems can break down due to normal wear and tear.

Oftentimes, this happens at the worse possible moment. If you do not have a home warranty contract, this could leave you in a situation where you would have to do without the item or unexpectedly spend money to repair or replace that item.

It is difficult to budget for every possible outcome, and with a home warranty service contract, you can give yourself a little peace of mind, knowing that if something goes wrong, you can have it repaired or replaced for no additional cost, or at the most, a minimal cost to you.

Murphy's Law

If anything can go wrong – it will.

— Edward A. Murphy, Jr.

How Do I Obtain a Home Warranty Service Contract?

To obtain a home warranty service contract, you can simply call or visit the website of the home warranty company. In most cases, a representative will contact you to show you options and quotes for their service.

Listed below are four companies that I have personally used as my home warranty company or my clients have chosen to use them. I find them all to be equally satisfactory in terms of customer service and technical service.

Compare services before making a choice. All of the above companies will send you a free quote and a sample service contract for you to review prior to signing up for anything.

Get Help With a Comparison Website

In this article, I have provided you with information about home warranty companies that I am personally familiar with. There are many other reputable home warranty companies to choose from. If you need help in getting started, visit HomeWarrantyReviews, where you can search for and compare various home warranty companies and then choose the one that is right for you.

Note: I receive no compensation for the mention of any of the companies referenced in this publication or the following video.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

© 2015 Marlene Bertrand


Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on January 22, 2016:

Hello Rajan, yes, reading the fine print is a must. Not understanding the verbiage in the fine print can alter a home owner's entire home warranty experience.

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 21, 2016:

Unfortunately, we in India, do not have any home warranty service policies. I wish we did to save all those frightful expenses that arise suddenly. Reading the fine print in any policy is a must though.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on January 06, 2016:

Hi RTalloni. I have had a home warranty with every home I own. It is an affordable and useful benefit to home ownership for me.

RTalloni on January 05, 2016:

Very useful information in a well-done hub. People may not even think to check to see if they have the extra coverage. You provide a great deal of beneficial information for potential buyers, sellers, and home owners here.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on October 02, 2015:

Hello DDE. Thank you for your feedback. I am a believer in homes having warranties. You just never know when something is going to break down and you won't have the money to fix it.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on October 02, 2015:

Informative and very useful indeed.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 14, 2015:

Thank you sujaya venkatesh. I do hope it is advice that people hear.

sujaya venkatesh on September 14, 2015:

a very useful hub

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 07, 2015:

Yes, Manatita44, we have been fortunate with the home warranty service. Indeed, the fine print is what can bite you in the rear. It must be read in order to obtain the service that fits best.

manatita44 from london on September 06, 2015:

Well presented and researched Hub, Marlene. Glad that you get some satisfaction from these companies. Here in the UK it's the same story, and one definitely has to read the small prints or the contract before signing. Much Love this week-end.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 05, 2015:

Hello Shyron E Shenko. Young homeowners especially should be the ones to take advantage of the home warranty contracts. Once they become familiar with how the house operates, and if they are handy, like your husband, then a home warranty may not be necessary... except for those times when things can't be fixed and they need to buy a whole new appliance. That's when the home warranty comes in handy - to thwart the expenditure of unexpected money on unanticipated break downs.

Shyron E Shenko from Texas on September 05, 2015:

Marlene, this is valuable information, especially for young homeowners buying their first home. Fortunately my hubby is a carpenter and can fix just about anything. We did have one adventure with the microwave.

I will definitely bookmark this for future reference.

Have a blessed weekend.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 04, 2015:

Suzanne Day, thank you for your comment. Prior to becoming a real estate broker, I had a bad experience with an agent. I was a first-time buyer and that agent treated me disrespectfully. I actually got into the business so that I could help people have a positive experience in real estate.

Suzanne Day from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on September 03, 2015:

Home warranties sound like a good idea and I like the fact that you get sellers to get one and give buyers peace of mind for a year against appliance failure. You seem like a very thorough, quality agent.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 02, 2015:

Thank you for your positive feedback, CrisSp. I was inspired to write this one because several friends were commenting about how they didn't think they needed a home warranty because they had homeowner's insurance. One comment lead to another and a hub was born.

CrisSp from Sky Is The Limit Adventure on September 02, 2015:

As a homeowner, this is a great read and source of very useful information. You'll never know what's going to happen and when, that's why having a maintenance savings intended for the house is also very important.

Pity, there's no more buttons to vote here. :)

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on September 02, 2015:

Thank you for your feedback, Bill. Well, at least all of my clients know about this service. But, you are right, many new buyers have never heard of such a thing. Have a wonderful week.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on September 02, 2015:

Excellent information, Marlene. My goodness, I wonder how many homeowners even know about this stuff. I do but only because I've owned twelve homes over the years. I'll bet young couple just starting out have no clue. Great article and very valuable, my friend.

Related Articles