Are Poetry Writing Competitions a Scam?

Updated on April 8, 2018
Beth Eaglescliffe profile image

I teach creative writing to adults and I love helping my students improve their writing skills.

"I am half sick of shadows" said the Lady of Shalott. (Alfred, Lord Tennyson)
"I am half sick of shadows" said the Lady of Shalott. (Alfred, Lord Tennyson) | Source

Beware of Scam Writing Contests

Millions of people write stories and poems. Their work is read by friends and family, but some hope to gain a wider audience and make money in the process. They say the one thing holding them back from a successful writing career is the difficulty of getting published. If only they could win a writing competition, their work would be snapped up by a publishing house.

These wannabe professional authors convince themselves winning a competition would be the answer to their prayers. But would it? Enter stage left a motley crew of possibly legal, but morally dubious fake poetry and fiction writing competitions to lure gullible writers.

Winning a Poetry Competition is Easier Than You Think

One of the most common scams is a poetry competition where the fee is either zero or just a couple of dollars. The prize may not be huge (say US$100) but if it has free (or almost free) entry, so why not enter? You have nothing to lose (or so you think), so you send in your entry and wait with baited breath until the result is announced.

Exciting news! Although you have not won the US$100 prize, your poem has been judged good enough to be included in an anthology of the best entries. The price of this quality volume is just US$20 and if you buy multiple copies (for your friends and family to share in your success) there is a 10% discount.

The bad news is that everyone who enters the competition will be told their poem has been accepted for the anthology. Your talent is not so exceptional after all. Most people are gullible enough to fork out for at least one copy of the book. The real winner of the competition is the con-artistes who organized the fake contest.

I'm a poet and I know it.
I'm a poet and I know it. | Source

My Experimental Poem

To prove my point about these being fake contests I entered a pretend poem in one of them. Sure enough, my effort was selected for publication in the anthology.

I took a paragraph from The Highway Code, a booklet studied by every UK learner driver. I copied the section word-for-word, but broke the prose into uneven lines so it looked like a poem. Here it is.

Rule 117

The safest way to brake

is to do so early

and lightly.

Brake more firmly

as you begin

to stop.

Ease the pressure off

just before the

vehicle comes to rest

to avoid

a jerky


When Winners Are Losers

I entered the fake poetry contest with my eyes wide open. I had guessed my poem would be a “winning entry” and included in the “special anthology” and so I was able to resist buying a copy. My wallet stayed firmly shut, but most entrants are not so strong willed.

Your poem may be a winner, but you are the loser. The only real winner in these competitions is the promoter. At US$20 a copy, even if only half of that is profit, sales of just 100 poetry anthologies will result in a net profit of at least US$1,000.

This type of competition misleads hopeful writers into believing that their work has been "chosen" on the basis of merit -- when, in fact, no such selection has taken place. … because of the poor quality of most of the poems, anthology credits are not respected by publishing professionals.


Are These Contests Legal?

I am not a lawyer, and the opinions expressed here are my own. They do not replace qualified legal advice. If you require clarification on the law you should consult an attorney.

In my view, these fake contests are just about on the right side of legality, but they are on the wrong side of being ethical. Like any good hustle, these scams rely on people’s naïveté and their hunger for success. When the con is exposed people are too embarrassed to admit their gullibility. Their dreams have been crushed and they feel stupid at having been duped. The wily promoters can just sit back and wait for their next mark.

How to Tell if a Writing Competition is Genuine

There are no hard and fast ways to tell if a contest is fake. Some competition organizers are very clever at promoting their lie. Make sure you read and fully understand a competition’s terms and conditions before entering. Some of the more common indicators that the contest is a scam are given below.

1. You lose ownership of your work by entering. Some contests claim all future publishing rights even if your entry is not a winner.

2. There is no prize other than a free copy of a “special” anthology. Being published in an unrecognized book will not give you prestige in the eyes of genuine publishers.

3. The competition judges are anonymous. The winners could be chosen at random. Genuine contests will name their judges.

4. You are pressurized to buy multiple copies of the anthology containing your published “prize-winning” poem. These books are a form of vanity publishing. It could cost you less to self-publish your own.

Michael Levin Says Do Not Enter Writing Contests

Entering writing contests is a waste of time. Even if you win, will a New York publisher sit up and take notice? Doubtful ... (You) should spend the entry fees on something more important, like, say, Snickers bars.

— New York Times best-selling author and ghostwriter, Michael Levin

Contests and Writing Services to Avoid

I wanted to post a list of competitions that are a con. However, I have no wish to be sued for libel, so I am limiting my comments to general advice on where you can find further information.

The website Winning Writers has a list of vanity publishers who also run writing competitions.

Mums Net frequently has discussions about fake writing contests in schools.

Better Business Bureau (BBB) keep details of companies involved in scam competitions.

Stay alert and don't enter fake competitions.
Stay alert and don't enter fake competitions. | Source


Submit a Comment

  • Gloriousconfusion profile image

    Diana Grant 2 months ago from United Kingdom

    This brings back memories! I entered a poetry competition advertised in my local library. The publishers informed me I was one of the winners and suggested that I buy a copy of the anthology in which my poem would appear for £20 and a slight reduction for bulk purchase of the anthology. I realized it was a scam and informed the librarians, who did not appear to believe me and left the advert in place. However I noticed some time later that the advert had been taken down, so they must have investigated it further, or had complaints from other people as well.

  • annart profile image

    Ann Carr 8 months ago from SW England

    Great advice. I've entered competitions and had some poetry published but not before reading the small print and I never pay to enter. I have had some in a local Somerset anthology which was run by a local press I already knew about.

    It's good to be made aware of such things as it's easy to fall for the scams. We should all value our work and look for the best platform where it will be read and appreciated.


  • Coffeequeeen profile image

    Louise Powles 9 months ago from Norfolk, England

    That's really interesting Beth. I've never personally entered any writing competitions, but so many people must be duped by these fake competitions out there. Sad really, isn't it?

  • Jodah profile image

    John Hansen 9 months ago from Queensland Australia

    Thanks for sharing this, Beth. I knew about these scam contests, but many new poets and writers probably don't. I wasn't surprised Rule 117 was selected for an anthology either. Good job.